Inflammation appears to be involved in processes leading to organ damage in preterm newborns, yet little is known about the relationships among elevated concentrations of inflammation-associated proteins in the blood of preterm newborns.
In this exploratory study, we used an electrochemiluminescence method to measure 25 proteins in blood obtained on postnatal day 1 (range 1–3), day 7 (range 5–8), and day 14 (range 12–15) from 939 children born before the 28th week of gestation and evaluated to what extent those whose concentration of each protein was elevated (defined as in the highest quartile for gestational age and day the specimen was obtained) also had an elevated concentration of every other protein the same day or on a day 1 or 2 weeks later (p < .0001).
On each of the 3 days assessed, elevated concentrations of 17 proteins were associated with elevated concentrations of 15 or more of the other 24 proteins. VEGF, VEGF-R1, VEGF-R2 were among these proteins, while IGFBP-1 was associated with 13 other proteins on day 7. An elevated concentration of 8 proteins on day 1 predicted an elevated concentration of 10 or more proteins on day 7, while an elevated concentration of only two proteins on day 7 were associated with elevated concentrations of 10 or more proteins on day-14. Few associations were seen between day 1 and day 14.
Inflammation is a diffuse process in ELGANs, with elevated concentrations of cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, matrix metalloproteinases, a growth factor and its receptors, as well as a growth factor binding protein associated with each other the same day, as well as on subsequent days.