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BMJ Case Reports (1)
The Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research (1)
The Open Neuroimaging Journal (1)
Goldstein, Martin A (1)
Goldstein, Martin A. (1)
Goldstein, Martin Adam (1)
Kalman, Thomas P. (1)
Liu, Xun (1)
Muennig, Peter (1)
Naidich, Thomas P (1)
Rosen, Zohn (1)
Silverman, Michael E (1)
Silverman, Michael Evan (1)
Year of Publication
Clinical importance of delayed MRI contrast enhancement of primary central nervous system lymphoma in AIDS
Naidich, Thomas P
Silverman, Michael Evan
BMJ Case Reports
Accurately distinguishing between cerebral toxoplasmosis and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), still the most common secondary CNS mass lesion complications of AIDS, has long represented a diagnostic challenge in those with HIV. A young adult male with AIDS presented with evolving ophthalmoplegias, Parinaud’s syndrome and gait dysfunction. MRI with gadolinium contrast revealed a brainstem lesion failing to enhance on initially obtained post-contrast images yet prominently enhancing on images acquired endmost within the same scanning session. Biopsy ultimately confirmed lesion aetiology as PCNSL. While the definitive diagnosis of PCNSL generally requires brain biopsy, different MRI contrast-enhancement time courses of PCNSL versus toxoplasmosis (PCNSL tends to peak-enhance sooner than toxoplasmosis) can provide differential diagnostic insight. These images underscore the delayed nature of PCNSL contrast enhancement and demonstrate the diagnostic importance of attending to post-gadolinium image acquisition timing to help inform utilisation of MRI for PCNSL identification.
The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on the Neural Substrates Associated with Pleasure
Silverman, Michael E
The Open Neuroimaging Journal
Low socio-economic status (SES) is associated with increased morbidity and premature mortality. Because tonic adversity relates to a diminished ability to experience pleasure, we hypothesized that subjects living in poverty would show diminished neural responsivity to positive stimuli in regions associated with positive experience and reward. Visual images were presented to twenty-two subjects in the context of a EPI-BOLD fMRI paradigm. Significant differences in neural responses between SES groups to poverty vs. neutral images were assessed, examining group, condition, and interaction effects. The data suggest that persons living in low-SES have neural experiences consistent with diminished interest in things generally enjoyed and point toward a possible explanation for the relationship between socioeconomic inequalities and mood disorders, such as depression, by SES.
fMRI; depression; mood; stress; socio-economic status.
Satisfaction of Manhattan Psychiatrists With Private Practice: Assessing the Impact of Managed Care
Kalman, Thomas P.
The Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research
Results 1-3 (3)
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