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author:("Liu, hisu")
1.  Rather than Rs1800796 Polymorphism, Expression of Interleukin-6 is Associated with Disease Progression of Chronic HBV Infection in a Chinese Han Population 
Disease Markers  2013;35(6):799-805.
Interleukin-6 plays an important role in chronic inflammation as well as tumor growth and progression. Here, a case-control study was undertaken to investigate the association of rs1800796 polymorphism of IL-6 gene and serum levels with disease progression of chronic HBV infection. Rs1800796 polymorphism was genotyped in 641 Chinese Han patients with chronic HBV infection, including 23 IT, 25 IC, 292 CHB, 153 LC, and 148 HCC patients and 265 healthy controls. Serum IL-6 levels were measured in 23 IT, 25 IC, 47 CHB, 41 LC, and 49 HCC patients and 45 healthy controls, and the classifications of HCC were accorded to BCLC staging system. We found no significant association between rs1800796 polymorphism and disease progression of chronic HBV infection; however, serum IL-6 levels showed significant statistical differences between patients with CHB, LC, and HCC. Moreover, statistical differences can be observed in patients with terminal stage HCC compared with those of early to intermediate or advanced stage HCC. Our findings suggest that rs1800796 polymorphism unlikely contribute significantly to affect the progression of chronic HBV infection, and serum IL-6 levels can act as a useful indicator for disease progression and severity of chronic HBV infection.
doi:10.1155/2013/508023
PMCID: PMC3858883  PMID: 24371367
2.  Posterior mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis with dysphagia as the main symptom: a case report and literature review 
Journal of Thoracic Disease  2013;5(5):E189-E194.
Introduction
Mediastinal tuberculous lymphadenitis (MTL) is mostly seen in primary tuberculosis in children, uncommon observed in adults. It usually presents the toxic symptoms of tuberculosis but rarely with symptoms characteristic of esophageal compression, such as dysphagia. Such patients can easily be misdiagnosed as esophageal neoplasm and get delayed or faulty treatment.
Case report
A 32-year-old man presented with dull chest pain of one month and dysphagia of five days. CRP was elevated, and a skin test was strongly positive. At upper endoscopy, a protruding lesion covered by normal mucosa was seen at 26 cm from the upper incisor. Barium swallow showed visible external compressive stricture on the middle-lower esophagus with normal mucosal pattern. Chest computed tomography (CT) scan showed a subcarinal mass adjacent to the esophageal wall in posterior mediastinum. An endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) revealed a hypoechoic lesion suspected of esophageal stromal tumor in the fourth layer. A tissue was obtained by ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA), but cytopathology, bacilliculture and PCR test had no special findings. The patient required experimental antitubercular treatment and the protruding lesion shrank gradually during therapy period.
Conclusions
MTL could not be ignored in the differential diagnosis of posterior mediastinal mass with dysphagia. Analyzing and evaluating test results comprehensively is the key to make correct diagnosis and timely treatment. The experimental antituberculous treatment should be used if MTL is highly suspected.
doi:10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2013.09.03
PMCID: PMC3815737  PMID: 24255790
Mediastinal; tuberculous lymphadenitis; dysphagia
3.  Skull base metastases from a malignant solitary fibrous tumor of the liver. A case report and literature review 
Diagnostic Pathology  2011;6:127.
Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the liver are rarely described; only 38 cases have been reported in literature, most of which have shown benign clinical characteristics, and only 3 of these cases exhibited malignant variants. In this study, we present a 24-year-old woman with a 1-month history of a rapidly enlarging abdominal mass and a CT showing an exophytic heterogeneous liver mass with a firm parietal bone mass. The patient underwent a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) before operation, and an extended right hepatectomy and craniectomy with a negative margin was performed under general anesthesia. The masses showed histological features of oval spindle cells haphazardly arranged in the classic short-storiform or so-called patternless pattern of solitary fibrous tumors. The tumor cells showed positive immunohistochemical reactions to CD34 and bcl-2. The tumor recurred in the residual liver 2 months after operation, metastatic osteoblastic lesions in the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae were identified 3 months after the operation, and lumbar vertebrae metastasis 7 months after operation paralyzed the patient. The patient underwent percutaneous ethanol injection therapy (PEI) and chemotherapy, but the patient died because of the uncontrolled tumor 16 months after the initial operation. To our knowledge, this is the first case of malignant solitary fibrous liver tumors with skeletal metastasis.
doi:10.1186/1746-1596-6-127
PMCID: PMC3260251  PMID: 22192457
Solitary fibrous tumor; Liver
4.  The X Protein of Hepatitis B Virus Inhibits Apoptosis in Hepatoma Cells through Enhancing the Methionine Adenosyltransferase 2A Gene Expression and Reducing S-Adenosylmethionine Production* 
The Journal of Biological Chemistry  2011;286(19):17168-17180.
The X protein (HBx) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and methionine adenosyltransferase 2A (MAT2A) promotes the growth of liver cancer cells through altering S-adenosylmethionine homeostasis. Thus, we speculated that a link between HBx and MAT2A may contribute to HCC development. In this study, the effects of HBx on MAT2A expression and cell apoptosis were investigated, and the molecular mechanism by which HBx and MAT2A regulate tumorigenesis was evaluated. Results from immunohistochemistry analyses of 37 pairs of HBV-associated liver cancer tissues/corresponding peritumor tissues showed that HBx and MAT2A are highly expressed in most liver tumor tissues. Our in vitro results revealed that HBx activates MAT2A expression in a dose-dependent manner in hepatoma cells, and such regulation requires the cis-regulatory elements NF-κB and CREB on the MAT2A gene promoter. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) further demonstrated that HBx facilitates the binding of NF-κB and CREB to MAT2A gene promoter. In addition, overexpression of HBx or MAT2A inhibits cell apoptosis, whereas knockdown of MAT2A expression stimulates apoptosis in hepatoma cells. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HBx reduces MAT1A expression and AdoMet production but enhances MAT2β expression. Thus, we proposed that HBx activates MAT2A expression through NF-κB and CREB signaling pathways to reduce AdoMet production, inhibit hepatoma cell apoptosis, and perhaps enhance HCC development. These findings should provide new insights into our understanding how the molecular mechanisms underline the effects of HBV infection on the production of MAT2A and the development of HCC.
doi:10.1074/jbc.M110.167783
PMCID: PMC3089560  PMID: 21247894
Apoptosis; Cancer Tumor Promoter; Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChiP); CREB; DNA-Protein Interaction; DNA Viruses; Gene Regulation; Hepatitis Virus; Oncogene; S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet)

Results 1-4 (4)