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author:("Liu, lumeng")
1.  Therapeutic Efficacy of Stem Cell-based Therapy in Peripheral Arterial Disease: A Meta-Analysis 
PLoS ONE  2015;10(4):e0125032.
Several cell-based therapies for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have been studied in multiple clinical trials; however, the outcome of this treatment remains controversial. The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis of the clinical trials on stem cell-based therapy after PAD. We searched for clinical trials that investigated the effect of stem cell-based therapy on patients with PAD and were published between January 2000 and October 2014. The outcomes of interest comprised all-cause mortality, amputation rate, ulcer healing, and ankle-brachial index (ABI). In addition, pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to assess the safety and efficacy of the stem cell-based therapies for PAD. Thirteen studies were retrieved from 261 citations for the analysis, and in total, 527 patients (mean age: 64.2 years; median follow up: 6 months) were included in the analysis. After synthesizing data, the meta-analysis showed significant improvement in the amputation rate (OR=0.33, 95%CI=0.22-0.51; P<0.001), ulcer healing (OR=6.11, 95%CI=3.04-12.28; P<0.001), and ABI (SMD=0.65, 95%CI=0.33-0.97; P<0.001) for the stem cell-based therapy group compared with the controls. Moreover, significant improvement in the amputation rate, ulcer healing, and ABI were also found based on the time point and stem cell source. In addition, no significant difference was found in the all-cause mortality (OR=0.80, 95%CI=0.39-1.641; P=0.546) between the stem cell-based therapy and control groups. Therefore, according to the results of our meta-analysis, stem cell-based therapy is safe and shows a beneficial outcome for patients with PAD, especially in the short term.
PMCID: PMC4414514  PMID: 25923119
2.  Identification of cancerous gastric cells based on common features extracted from hyperspectral microscopic images 
Biomedical Optics Express  2015;6(4):1135-1145.
We construct a microscopic hyperspectral imaging system to distinguish between normal and cancerous gastric cells. We study common transmission-spectra features that only emerge when the samples are dyed with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) stain. Subsequently, we classify the obtained visible-range transmission spectra of the samples into three zones. Distinct features are observed in the spectral responses between the normal and cancerous cell nuclei in each zone, which depend on the pH level of the cell nucleus. Cancerous gastric cells are precisely identified according to these features. The average cancer-cell identification accuracy obtained with a backpropagation algorithm program trained with these features is 95%.
PMCID: PMC4399655  PMID: 25909000
(170.0170) Medical optics and biotechnology; (110.4234) Multispectral and hyperspectral imaging; (170.6935) Tissue characterization
3.  Identification and validation of rice reference proteins for western blotting 
Journal of Experimental Botany  2011;62(14):4763-4772.
Studies of rice protein expression have increased considerably with the development of rice functional genomics. In order to obtain reliable expression results in western blotting, information on appropriate reference proteins is necessary for data normalization. To date, no published study has identified and systematically validated reference proteins suitable for the investigation of rice protein expression. In this study, nine candidate proteins were selected and their specific antibodies were obtained through immunization of rabbits with either recombinant proteins expressed in Escherichia coli or synthesized peptides. Western blotting was carried out to detect the expression of target proteins in a set of 10 rice samples representing different rice tissues/organs at different developmental stages. The expression stability of the proteins was analysed using geNorm and Microcal Origin 6.0 software. The results indicated that heat shock protein (HSP) and elongation factor 1-α (eEF-1α) were the most constantly expressed among all rice proteins tested throughout all developmental stages, while the proteins encoded by conventional internal reference genes fluctuated in amount. Comparison among the profiling of translation and transcription [expressed sequence tags (EST) and massively parallel signature sequencing (MPSS)] revealed that a correlation existed. Based on the standard curves derived from the antigen–antibody reaction, the concentrations of HSP and eEF-1α proteins in rice leaves were ∼0.12%. Under the present experimental conditions, the lower limits of detection for HSP and eEF-1α proteins in rice were 0.24 ng and 0.06 ng, respectively. In conclusion, the reference proteins selected in this study, and the corresponding antibodies, can be used in qualitative and quantitative analysis of rice proteins.
PMCID: PMC3192993  PMID: 21705388
Antibody-based proteomics; rice (Oryza sativa L.); reference gene; reference protein; western blotting

Results 1-3 (3)