To assess the efficacy of dodecafluoropentane emulsion (DDFPe), a nano droplet emulsion with significant oxygen transport potential, in decreasing infarct volume using an insoluble emboli rabbit stroke model.
New Zealand White rabbits (n=64; 5.1±0.50 kg) received angiography and embolic spheres in the internal carotid artery occluding branches. Rabbits were randomly assigned to groups in 4-hour and 7-hour studies. Four-hour groups included: control (n=7, embolized without treatment) or DDFPe treatment 30-min before stroke (n=7), or at stroke onset (n=8), 30-min after stroke (n=5), 1-hour after stroke (n=7), 2-hours after stroke (n=5), or 3-hours after stroke (n=6). Seven-hour groups included control (n=6), DDFPe at 1-hour after stroke (n=8), and DDFPe at 6-hours after stroke (n=5). DDFPe dose was 2% w/v (weight/volume) intravenous injection, 0.6 mL/kg, and repeated every 90 minutes as time allowed. Following euthanasia infarct volume was determined using vital stains on brain sections.
At 4-hours, median percent infarct volume decreased for all DDFPe treatment times (pre-treatment=0.30%, p=0.004; onset=0.20%, p=0.004; 30-min=0.35%, p=0.009, 1-hour=0.30%, p=0.01, 2-hours=0.40%, p=0.009, 3-hours=0.25%, p=0.003) compared with controls (3.20%). At 7-hours, median percent infarct volume decreased with treatment at 1-hour (0.25%, p=0.007) but not for 6-hours (1.4%, p=0.49) compared with controls (2.2%).
Intravenous DDFPe in an animal model decreases infarct volumes and protects brain tissue from ischemia justifying further investigation.