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1.  Advancing Pharmacist Scholarship and Research Within Academic Pharmacy 
An appropriate balance between teaching, scholarship, and service is important for a faculty member to have a satisfying and successful career. The relative emphasis on each area normally changes during the course of a career. Although some level of scholarly output is an ongoing and fundamental expectation of all faculty members, this activity is too often given low priority, particularly among faculty members in practice areas who may have a minimal background in research and large demands on their time for teaching and clinical service. Addressing this issue requires establishing a shared commitment between administrators and faculty members, as well as identifying or developing education programs that will ensure research competence for practice faculty members. This paper provides insights into the role that scholarship and research should have for all pharmacy faculty members and provides suggestions for how to better advance this critical component within academic pharmacy.
PMCID: PMC3530049  PMID: 23275652
peer-review; scholarship; research; faculty
3.  Cooperation in Pharmacy Education in Canada and the United States 
Although the education of student pharmacists and the practice of pharmacy in Canada have many similarities with that in the United States, there also are differences. The planning of curricula in pharmacy education is of particular importance to the advancement of pharmacy in Canada because of significant changes in the scope of practice in several provinces, and in how community pharmacy is reimbursed for the services it can, or should, provide. Greater dialog between Canadian and American pharmacists has the potential not only to impact practice on both sides of the border but also to improve collaborations among Canadian and American pharmacy educators. This article provides background information and some suggestions on how to build partnerships in pharmacy education between Canada and the United States. Consortia-like arrangements have some particular promise, as does engaging border-states and provinces in regional meetings and other activities. By working together, Canadian and US pharmacy educators have the opportunity to implement the best of what each has to offer and to devise new and better ways to educate future and existing pharmacists.
PMCID: PMC2987282  PMID: 21179253
Canada; pharmacy education; international
4.  Pharmacy’s role in a modern health continuum 
Canadian Pharmacists Journal : CPJ  2013;146(6):321-324.
PMCID: PMC3819958  PMID: 24228046
6.  University-Based Continuing Education for Pharmacists 
University-based continuing education (CE) fulfills an important role to support the professional development of pharmacists, advance the practice of pharmacy, and contribute to societal needs for research and healthcare services. Opportunities for pharmacists to engage in new models of patient care are numerous worldwide, particularly as pharmacists’ scope of practice has expanded. Approaches to CE have changed to address the changing needs of pharmacists and now include a variety of approaches to support development of knowledge and skills. There is emphasis on the learning process as well as the knowledge, with the introduction of the concept of continuing professional development (CPD).
As institutions of research and education, universities are uniquely positioned to bridge the gap between academic and practice environments, providing opportunities for translation of knowledge to practice. The Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of Alberta is a provider of CE in Alberta, Canada, where an expanded scope of pharmacy practice includes prescribing, administering injections, accessing electronic patient records, and ordering laboratory tests. In this paper, the Faculty offers views about future directions for CE, including the integration of CE with core faculty activities, expanding the audience for CE, areas of focus for learning, and partnerships. Finally, we hope to ignite dialogue with others in the profession about the role and function of university-based CE.
PMCID: PMC3305929  PMID: 22438592
continuing education; professional development; continuing professional development; universities
7.  Thioredoxin-Related Mechanisms in Hyperoxic Lung Injury in Mice 
Reduction of glutathione disulfide (GSSG) to glutathione (GSH) by glutathione reductase (GR) enhances the efficiency of GSH-dependent antioxidant activities. However, GR-deficient (a1Neu) mice are less susceptible to acute lung injury from continuous exposure to > 95% O2 (96 h: 6.9 ± 0.1 g right lung/kg body versus room air 3.6 ± 0.3) than are C3H/HeN control mice (10.6 ± 1.3 versus 4.2 ± 0.3, P < 0.001). a1Neu mice have greater hepatic thioredoxin (Trx)1 and Trx2 levels than do C3H/HeN mice, suggesting compensation for the absence of GR. a1Neu mice exposed to hyperoxia for 96 hours showed lower levels of inflammatory infiltrates in lungs than did similarly exposed C3H/HeN mice. Pretreatment with aurothioglucose (ATG), a thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) inhibitor, exacerbated the effects of hyperoxia on lung injury in a1Neu mice (11.6 ± 0.8, P < 0.001), but attenuated hyperoxic lung edema and inflammation in C3H/HeN mice (6.3 ± 0.4, P < 0.001). No consistent alterations were observed in lung GSH contents or liver GSH or GSSG levels after ATG pretreatment. The data suggest that modulation of Trx/TrxR systems might provide therapeutically useful alterations of cellular resistance to oxidant stresses. The protective effects of ATG against hyperoxic lung injury could prove to be particularly useful therapeutically.
PMCID: PMC2176120  PMID: 17575077
hyperoxia; glutathione; thioredoxin; auranofin; aurothioglucose
8.  Factors Influencing the Pharmacy Faculty Workforce 
In 2005, the Council of Faculties and the Council of Deans within the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) formed a task force to review the status of the pharmacy faculty workforce and to identify factors that may influence the supply of and demand for pharmacy faculty members. This manuscript summarizes the Task Force on Faculty Workforce's findings and describes specific strategies needed to address the various issues facing the academy. Based on Task Force predictions, the academy will need approximately 1200 new faculty members over the next 10 years due to the creation of new pharmacy programs, the expansion of existing programs, faculty retirements, and recurring vacant faculty positions.
PMCID: PMC2384209  PMID: 18496923
faculty recruitment; faculty retention; faculty work force; faculty development

Results 1-8 (8)