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Frontiers in Psychology (1)
Journal of elder abuse & neglect (1)
BERMAN, JACKIE (1)
BRECKMAN, RISA (1)
BROWN, EARAMICHIA (1)
BROWNELL, PATRICIA (1)
Ceci, Stephen J. (1)
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SWEENEY, CHARLOTTE D. (1)
Sweeney, Charlotte D. (1)
Year of Publication
Deception detection, transmission, and modality in age and sex
Ceci, Stephen J.
Frontiers in Psychology
This study is the first to create and use spontaneous (i.e., unrehearsed) pro-social lies in an ecological setting. Creation of the stimuli involved 51 older adult and 44 college student “senders” who lied “authentically” in that their lies were spontaneous in the service of protecting a research assistant. In the main study, 77 older adult and 84 college raters attempted to detect lies in the older adult and college senders in three modalities: audio, visual, and audiovisual. Raters of both age groups were best at detecting lies in the audiovisual and worst in the visual modalities. Overall, college students were better detectors than older adults. There was an age-matching effect for college students but not for older adults. Older adult males were the hardest to detect. The older the adult was the worse the ability to detect deception.
deception detection; pro-social lies; modality; older adults; college students
Practitioners’ Views on Elder Mistreatment Research Priorities: Recommendations from a Research-to-Practice Consensus Conference
LACHS, MARK S.
Journal of elder abuse & neglect
This article presents recommendations from expert practitioners and researchers regarding future directions for research on elder abuse prevention. Using the Research-to-Practice Consensus Workshop model, participants critiqued academic research on the prevention of elder mistreatment and identified practice-based suggestions for a research agenda on this topic. The practitioners’ critique resulted in 10 key recommendations for future research that include the following priority areas: defining elder abuse, providing researchers with access to victims and abusers, determining the best approaches in treating abusers, exploiting existing data sets, identifying risk factors, understanding the impact of cultural factors, improving program evaluation, establishing how cognitive impairment affects legal investigations, promoting studies of financial and medical forensics, and improving professional reporting and training. It is hoped that these recommendations will help guide future research in such a way as to make it more applicable to community practice.
elder mistreatment research; consensus workshop; research-practice collaboration
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