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1.  Unintended Cannulation of the Subclavian Artery in a 65-Year-Old-Female for Temporary Hemodialysis Vascular Access: Management and Prevention 
Journal of Korean Medical Science  2012;27(10):1265-1268.
Ultrasound-guided cannulation of a large-bore catheter into the internal jugular vein was performed to provide temporary hemodialysis vascular access for uremia in a 65-yr-old woman with acute renal failure and sepsis superimposed on chronic renal failure. Despite the absence of any clinical evidence such as bleeding or hematoma during the procedure, a chest x-ray and computed tomographic angiogram of the neck showed that the catheter had inadvertently been inserted into the subclavian artery. Without immediately removing the catheter and applying manual external compression, the arterial misplacement of the hemodialysis catheter was successfully managed by open surgical repair. The present case suggests that attention needs to be paid to preventing iatrogenic arterial cannulation during central vein catheterization with a large-bore catheter and to the management of its potentially devastating complications, since central vein catheterization is frequently performed by nephrologists as a common clinical procedure to provide temporary hemodialysis vascular access.
doi:10.3346/jkms.2012.27.10.1265
PMCID: PMC3468767  PMID: 23091328
Hemodialysis; Complication; Central Venous Catheterization

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