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1.  The genome of the simian and human malaria parasite Plasmodium knowlesi 
Nature  2008;455(7214):799-803.
Plasmodium knowlesi is an intracellular malaria parasite whose natural vertebrate host is Macaca fascicularis (the ‘kra’ monkey); however, it is now increasingly recognized as a significant cause of human malaria, particularly in southeast Asia1,2. Plasmodium knowlesi was the first malaria parasite species in which antigenic variation was demonstrated3, and it has a close phylogenetic relationship to Plasmodium vivax​4, the second most important species of human malaria parasite (reviewed in ref. 4). Despite their relatedness, there are important phenotypic differences between them, such as host blood cell preference, absence of a dormant liver stage or ‘hypnozoite’ in P. knowlesi, and length of the asexual cycle (reviewed in ref. 4). Here we present an analysis of the P. knowlesi (H strain, Pk1(A+) clone5) nuclear genome sequence. This is the first monkey malaria parasite genome to be described, and it provides an opportunity for comparison with the recently completed P. vivax genome4 and other sequenced Plasmodium genomes6-8. In contrast to other Plasmodium genomes, putative variant antigen families are dispersed throughout the genome and are associated with intrachromosomal telomere repeats. One of these families, the KIRs9, contains sequences that collectively match over one-half of the host CD99 extracellular domain, which may represent an unusual form of molecular mimicry.
doi:10.1038/nature07306
PMCID: PMC2656934  PMID: 18843368
2.  Pfam 3.1: 1313 multiple alignments and profile HMMs match the majority of proteins. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1999;27(1):260-262.
Pfam is a collection of multiple alignments and profile hidden Markov models of protein domain families. Release 3.1 is a major update of the Pfam database and contains 1313 families which are available on the World Wide Web in Europe at http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/Pfam/ and http://www.cgr.ki.se/Pfam/, and in the US at http://pfam.wustl.edu/. Over 54% of proteins in SWISS-PROT-35 and SP-TrEMBL-5 match a Pfam family. The primary changes of Pfam since release 2.1 are that we now use the more advanced version 2 of the HMMER software, which is more sensitive and provides expectation values for matches, and that it now includes proteins from both SP-TrEMBL and SWISS-PROT.
PMCID: PMC148151  PMID: 9847196

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