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1.  Detection of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Involvement in Pleural Fluid in an Adult Patient with Ataxia Telangiectasia by Flow Cytometry Method 
Ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a rare multisystem, neurodegenerative genetic disorder. Patients should be closely monitored due to risk of malignancy development. Due to its wide clinical heterogeneity, it often leads physicians to an inaccurate or missed diagnosis, and insight into this rare disease is important. Pediatric patients may develop lymphomas and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However, in adults, there are limited numbers of reports regarding association of AT and ALL. Rarely, ALL cases may present with pleural fluid involvement. In our study, we presented an adult case with AT, in which ALL involvement was detected in pleural fluid by flow cytometry (FC). A 20-years old male presented to emergency department with fever, shortness of breath and cough, as he had been followed with a diagnosis of AT. The following findings were detected in laboratory tests: Hb, 11.5 g/L; WBC, 36 × 109/L; Plt: 140 × 109/L. Blastic cells were observed in peripheral blood smear. On chest radiography, pleural fluid appearance was observed. On thorax CT, pleural fluid was detected in both hemithorax. Cytoplasmic CD3(+) and superficial CD3 (+), CD45 (+), CD5 (+), CD7 (+) and CD38 (+) was found in the flow cytometric evaluation of peripheral blood. Superficial CD3 (+), CD2 (+), CD5 (+) and CD7 (+) were found in flow cytometric evaluation of pleural fluid. These findings were considered as consistent with pleural involvement of T-ALL. FC is a potentially useful diagnostic tool for clinical practice and it is a convenience method which has an important role in detection of ALL in patients with pleural fluid.
PMCID: PMC4192193  PMID: 25332541
Ataxia-telangiectasia; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; Flow cytometry; Pleural effusion
2.  The Coincidence of Familial Mediterranean Fever and Hypereosinophilia in a Patient with Hereditary Elliptocytosis 
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic disease with autosomal inheritance characterized by recurrent fever, abdominal pain, and serositis attacks. It is relatively common in the races and ethnical groups around Mediterranean Sea (Sephardic Jews, Armenians, Turks and Arabians). Hereditary elliptocytosis (HE) is common genetic defect of the red blood cell membrane skeleton. Spectrin mutations are the predominant causes of HE. Hypereosinophilia is defined as a number of eosinophil granulocytes equal or greater than 0.5 × 109/L of circulating blood. The main causes are allergies and parasitic infections. This case report describes a Turkish female HE patient who presented with FMF and hypereosinophilia. Genetic analysis revealed heterozygous mutation in exon 10 of the MEFV gene (V726A). The patient was successfully treated with colchicine and steroid treatment at 3-month follow-up. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of association between FMF, HE, and hypereosinophilia.
Electronic supplementary material
The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12288-013-0296-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
PMCID: PMC4192255  PMID: 25332561
Familial Mediterranean fever; Hereditary elliptocytosis; Hypereosinophilia
3.  Prognostic Importance of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in IL-6, IL-10, TGF-β1, IFN-γ, and TNF-α Genes in Chronic Phase Chronic Myeloid Leukemia 
The aim of this study was to explore the association between polymorphisms of five cytokine genes and clinical parameters in patients with Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with imatinib. We analyzed five cytokine genes (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-10, gamma interferon [IFN-γ], transforming growth factor beta-1 [TGF-β1], and tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-α]) in 60 cases with Ph+ CML and 74 healthy controls. Cytokine genotyping was performed by the polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primer. All data were analyzed using the de Finetti program and SPSS version 14.0 for Windows. No significant differences were detected between the CML group and healthy controls with respect to the distributions and numbers of genotypes and alleles in TNF-α, TGF-β1, IL-10, and IFN-γ. However, the GG genotype associated with high expression in IL-6 was found to be significantly more frequent in CML as compared to controls (p=0.010). The median follow-up time was 49.3 months (range 6.1–168.4) and the median duration of imatinib treatment was 39.5 months (range 5.2–103.4) for these patients. On multivariateanalysis, only IL-10 GCC/GCC highly produced haplotypes were significantly associated with a shorter event-free survival. The relationship between cytokine genotypes/haplotypes and clinical parameters in CML has not been investigated before. Our results suggest that IL-10 may be a useful marker for CML prognosis and theGG genotype of the IL-6 gene may be associated with susceptibility.
PMCID: PMC4043362  PMID: 24819026
4.  An Acute Transverse Myelitis Attack after Total Body Irradiation: A Rare Case 
Case Reports in Hematology  2013;2013:523901.
Total body irradiation (TBI) combined with chemotherapy is widely used as a pretreatment regimen of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in hematologic disorders. Late complications related to TBI as part of the conditioning regimen for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have been revealed. Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a neurological syndrome characterized by disorder of motor, sensorial, and autonomic nerves, and tracts at medulla spinalis, which is resulted from involvement of spinal cord. In this paper, we presented an ATM attack developed after TBI in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as it is a rarely seen case.
PMCID: PMC3741696  PMID: 23984124
5.  Successful Treatment of Gastric Relapse in Multiple Myeloma with Bortezomib after Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (autoHSCT) 
We report a case of 59-year-old Turkish man with history of mitral valve replacement (MVR) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who was diagnosed with stage IIIA IgG lambda multiple myeloma (MM) in 1997. He underwent autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation after a conditioning regimen with melphalan 200mg per body area (m2) in February 2006. On February 2011, he was admitted to the emergency service of university hospital with complaints of hematemesis and melena. Pathological evaluation of gastric biopsy, obtained from a lesion of small gastric curvature, showed the gastric mucosa infiltrated by neoplastic plasma cells, monoclonal lambda light chain positive. The patient was considered as having local gastric relapsed disease and was treated with 2 cycles of bortezomib. He achieved an excellent local response after 2 cycles of bortezomib, cyclophosphamide and prednisone (BEP) regimen, with healing of gastric ulcer and no recurrence of the hematemesis or melena.
PMCID: PMC3552783  PMID: 23350019
6.  Flow Cytometry Method as a Diagnostic Tool for Pleural Fluid Involvement in a Patient with Multiple Myeloma 
Multiple myeloma is a malignant proliferation of plasma cells that mainly affects bone marrow. Pleural effusions secondary to pleural myelomatous involvement have rarely been reported in the literature. As it is rarely detected, we aimed to report a case in which pleural effusion of a multiple myeloma was confirmed as true myelomatous involvement by flow cytometry method. A 52-years old man presented to our clinic with chest and back pain lasting for 3 months. On the chest radiography, pleural fluid was detected in left hemithorax. Pleural fluid flow cytometry was performed. In the flow cytometry, CD56, CD38 and CD138 found to be positive, while CD19 was negative. True myelomatous pleural effusions are very uncommon, with fewer than 100 cases reported worldwide. Flow cytometry is a potentially useful and simple method for detection of pleural fluid involvement in multiple myeloma.
PMCID: PMC3499991  PMID: 23170192
7.  Comparison of Plateletpheresis on the Fenwal Amicus and Fresenius Com.Tec Cell Separators 
A variety of apheresis devices are now available on the market for plateletapheresis. We compared two apheresis instruments (Fenwal Amicus and Fresenius COM.TEC) with regard to processing time, platelet (PLT) yield and efficiency, and white blood cell (WBC) content.
Material and Methods
Donors undergoing plateletpheresis were randomly separated into two groups (either the Amicus or the COM.TEC cell separator).
In the pre-apheresis setting, 32 plateletpheresis procedures performed with each instrument revealed no significant differences in donors’ sex, age, weight, height and total blood volume between the two groups. However, the pre-apheresis PLT count was higher with the COM.TEC than with the Amicus (198 × 103/μl vs. 223 × 103/μl; p = 0.035). The blood volume processed to reach a target PLT yield of ≥3.3 × 1011 was higher in the COM.TEC compared to the Amicus (3,481 vs. 2,850 ml; p < 0.001). The median separation time was also significantly longer in the COM.TEC than in the Amicus (61 vs. 44 min; p < 0.001). 91 and 88% of the PLT products collected with the Amicus and the COM.TEC, respectively, had a PLT count of >3.3 × 1011 (p = 0.325). All products obtained with both instruments had WBC counts lower than 5 ↔ 106, as required. There was no statistical difference with regard to collection efficiency between the devices (55 ± 15 vs. 57 ± 15%; p = 0.477). However, the collection rate was significantly higher with the Amicus compared to the COM.TEC instrument (0.077 ± 0.012 × 1011 vs. 0.057 ± 0.008 × 1011 PLT/min; p < 0.001).
Both instruments collected platelets efficiently. Additionally, consistent leukoreduction was obtained with both instruments; however, compared with the COM.TEC instrument, the Amicus reached the PLT target yield more quickly.
PMCID: PMC3076329  PMID: 21512626
Plateletpheresis; Apheresis; Amicus; COM.TEC; Cell separator
8.  Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Associated with Brucellosis in Two Patients with Fever and Pancytopenia 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2006;47(5):741-744.
Brucellosis is a disease involving the lymphoproliferative system, which may lead to changes in the hematological parameters; however, pancytopenia is a rare finding. However, malignant diseases in association with brucellosis are rarely the cause of pancytopenia. Herein, two cases with fever and pancytopenia, diagnosed as simultaneous acute lymphoblastic leukemia and brucellosis are presented. Anti-leukemic therapy and brucellosis treatment were administered simultaneously, and normal blood parameters obtained. The first patient is in complete remission; the other recovered from the brucellosis, but later died due to a leukemic relapse.
PMCID: PMC2687762  PMID: 17066520
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; brucellosis; pancytopenia
9.  Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Therapeutic Outcomes of Primary Gastrointestinal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas in Central Anatolia, in Turkey 
Yonsei Medical Journal  2006;47(1):22-33.
Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma is a common presentation of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The main controversy arises when many aspects of its classification and management are under discussion, particularly regarding roles for surgical resection. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinicopathologic characteristics and the therapeutic outcome of primary gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We carried out a retrospective analysis of 74 patients who were presented to our center with histopathological diagnosis of primary gastro-intestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma between 1990 and 2001. All patients have been staged according to Lugano Staging System. For histopathological classification, International Working Formulation was applied. The treatment choice concerning the surgical or non-surgical management was decided by the initially acting physician. Treatment modalities were compared using the parameters of age, sex, histopathological results, stage, and the site of disease. Of the 74 patients, 31 were female and 43 were male, with a median age of 49 years (range 15-80). The stomach was the most common primary site and was seen in 51 of 74 patients (68.9%). The intermediate and high grade lymphomas constituted 91.9% of the all cases. In a median follow-up of 29 months (range 2-128), 20 out of 74 patients died. There was a three year overall survival rate in 65.4% of all patients. The three year overall survival rate was better in stage I and II1 patients who were treated with surgery plus chemotherapy (+/-RT) than those treated with chemotherapy alone (93.7% vs. 55.6%, p < 0.05). The stage and presence of B symptoms affected the disease free survival and overall survival significantly, but the histopathologic grade only affected the overall survival. On the basis of these results, we suggest that surgical resection is necessary before chemotherapy in early stage (stage I and II1) patients with gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas because of the significant survival advantage it would bring to the patient.
PMCID: PMC2687578  PMID: 16502482
Gastrointestinal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; prognostic factors; clinicopathologic features; survival

Results 1-9 (9)