Our study evaluates the symptoms commonly attributed to adenomyosis in women undergoing the menopausal transition. We hypothesized that adenomyosis is more commonly seen in women with fibroids, pelvic pain, abnormal uterine bleeding, and in the presence of endometriosis.
multi-site community based study
SWAN study enrollees who had hysterectomies
Main Outcome Measurements
Relationship of Adenomyosis to other entities
Adenomyosis was found in 48% of 137 patients. Frequencies of presenting symptoms were similar in those with and without evidence of adenomyosis. The same prevalence of fibroids, 37 % versus 43% (p=0.39), endometriosis, 3% versus 5% (p=0.41), abnormal bleeding, 27% versus 33% (p=0.72), or chronic pelvic pain in the presence of fibroids 12% versus 17%, (p=0.58), was seen in the presence or absence of adenomyosis.
Adenomyosis is a common diagnosis seen in hysterectomized specimens from women undergoing the perimenopausal transition. Adenomyosis is equally common in women who also have fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic pain, or abnormal uterine bleeding, and those women that do not. Therefore, adenomyosis is an incidental finding, not the source of the symptomatology. It appears not to be a “disease” per se, but a normal variant.