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1.  Poly[μ-(1,3-dihy­droxy­propan-2-olato)-potassium] 
The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [K(C3H7O3)]n or K[H2gl]n, common name potassium glycerolate, contains half the K+ cation and half of the glycerolate anion. The other half of the anion is generated through a mirror plane passing through the K atom, and a C, an H and an O atom of the glycerolate ligand. The K+ ion is coordinated by the O atoms of the OH groups, leading to a six-membered chelate ring that adopts a very distorted boat conformation. The negatively charged O atom of the glycerolate anion, [H2gl−], is found in the flagpole position and forms an ionic bond with the K+ ion. The O atoms of the hydroxo groups are coordinated to two K+ ions, whereas the negatively charged O atom is bonded to one K+ ion. The K+ ion is coordinated by three other symmetry-related monodentate H2gl− ligands, so that each H2gl− ligand is bonded to two K+ ions, and the potassium has a seven-coordinate environment. The H2gl− ligands are connected via a strong O—H⋯O hydrogen bond and, together with the K⋯O inter­connections, form polymeric sheets which propagate in the directions of the a and b axes.
doi:10.1107/S160053681005316X
PMCID: PMC3051664  PMID: 21522827
2.  Increased hypolipidemic benefits of cis-9, trans-11 conjugated linoleic acid in combination with trans-11 vaccenic acid in a rodent model of the metabolic syndrome, the JCR:LA-cp rat 
Background
Conjugated linoleic acid (cis-9, trans-11 CLA) and trans-11 vaccenic acid (VA) are found naturally in ruminant-derived foods. CLA has been shown to have numerous potential health related effects and has been extensively investigated. More recently, we have shown that VA has lipid-lowering properties associated with reduced hepatic lipidogenesis and chylomicron secretion in the JCR:LA-cp rat. The aim of this study was to evaluate potential additional hypolipidemic effects of purified forms of CLA and VA in an animal model of the metabolic syndrome (the JCR:LA-cp rat).
Methods
Twenty four obese JCR:LA-cp rats were randomized and assigned to one of three nutritionally adequate iso-caloric diets containing 1% w/w cholesterol and 15% w/w fat for 16 wk: 1) control diet (CD), 2) 1.0% w/w cis-9, trans-11 CLA (CLA), 3) 1.0% w/w VA and 1% w/w cis-9, trans-11 CLA (VA+CLA). Lean rats were fed the CD to represent normolipidemic conditions.
Results
Fasting plasma triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations were reduced in obese rats fed either the CLA diet or the VA+CLA diet as compared to the obese control group (p < 0.05, p < 0.001; p < 0.001, p < 0.01; p < 0.01, p < 0.001, respectively). The VA+CLA diet reduced plasma TG and LDL-cholesterol to the level of the normolipidemic lean rats and further decreased nonesterified fatty acids compared to the CLA diet alone. Interestingly, rats fed the VA+CLA diet had a higher food intake but lower body weight than the CLA fed group (P < 0.05). Liver weight and TG content were lower in rats fed either CLA (p < 0.05) or VA+CLA diets (p < 0.001) compared to obese control, consistent with a decreased relative protein abundance of hepatic acetyl-CoA carboxylase in both treatment groups (P < 0.01). The activity of citrate synthase was increased in liver and adipose tissue of rats fed, CLA and VA+CLA diets (p < 0.001) compared to obese control, suggesting increased mitochondrial fatty acid oxidative capacity.
Conclusion
We demonstrate that the hypolipidemic effects of chronic cis-9, trans-11 CLA supplementation on circulating dyslipidemia and hepatic steatosis are enhanced by the addition of VA in the JCR:LA-cp rat.
doi:10.1186/1743-7075-7-60
PMCID: PMC3161353  PMID: 20633302
3.  Poly[μ-2,3-dihydroxy­propan-1-olato-sodium] 
The Na+ cation in the title compound, [Na(C3H7O3)]n or Na[H2gl], is coordinated by five O atoms leading to a distorted trigonal-bipyramidal geometry. The negatively charged O atom of the glycerolate anion is in an equatorial position, and the O atom of the hydroxo group, attached to the secondary C atom, occupies an axial position completing a five-membered non-planar chelate ring; this defines the asymmetric unit. The Na+ cation is coordinated by three other symmetry-related monodentate H2gl− ligands, so that each H2gl− ligand is bonded to four Na+ ions. The H2gl− ligands are connected via strong O—H⋯O hydrogen bonds and these, together with the Na⋯O inter­connections, are responsible for the formation of polymeric sheets which propagate in the directions of the b and c axes.
doi:10.1107/S1600536810016077
PMCID: PMC2979472  PMID: 21579288

Results 1-3 (3)