Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-12 (12)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

Year of Publication
2.  Fosfomycin Susceptibility in Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae from Germany 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2014;52(6):1893-1897.
Due to the increase in multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, the interest in older antimicrobial agents, like fosfomycin, has increased. In this study, we used agar dilution for testing susceptibilities to fosfomycin in a collection of 107 carbapenem-nonsusceptible Enterobacteriaceae isolates, of which 80 produced various types of carbapenemases, including KPC, VIM, NDM, and OXA-48. Overall, 78% of the strains had fosfomycin MICs of ≤32 mg/liter and were thus considered to be susceptible according to the current EUCAST breakpoint. The MIC50 and MIC90 were 8 mg/liter and 512 mg/liter, respectively. Escherichia coli strains had significantly lower fosfomycin MICs than the Klebsiella pneumoniae and Enterobacter cloacae strains. Furthermore, comparisons of the susceptibility testing methods, like Etest and disk diffusion, were performed against agar dilution as the reference method. Essential agreement between Etest and agar dilution was 78.9%, and categorical agreement between the two methods was 92.5%, with 20% very major errors and 2.6% major errors. Disk diffusion was studied with 50-μg and 200-μg fosfomycin disks, but no inhibition zone breakpoint that reduced very major and major errors to an acceptable level was found. Etest and disk diffusion showed poor agreement with fosfomycin agar dilution.
PMCID: PMC4042753  PMID: 24648559
3.  Complete Nucleotide Sequence of a Citrobacter freundii Plasmid Carrying KPC-2 in a Unique Genetic Environment 
Genome Announcements  2014;2(6):e01157-14.
The complete and annotated nucleotide sequence of a 54,036-bp plasmid harboring a blaKPC-2 gene that is clonally present in Citrobacter isolates from different species is presented. The plasmid belongs to incompatibility group N (IncN) and harbors the class A carbapenemase KPC-2 in a unique genetic environment.
PMCID: PMC4241661  PMID: 25395635
4.  Detection of Carbapenemases by Real-Time PCR and Melt Curve Analysis on the BD Max System 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2014;52(5):1701-1704.
We developed a multiplex SYBR green real-time PCR for the BD Max instrument (BD Diagnostics, Sparks, MD) to detect a panel of carbapenemases. The assay was evaluated with 152 consecutive isolates sent to the German National Reference Laboratory, and 65/65 of the carbapenemase-positive and 87/87 of the carbapenemase-negative strains were identified correctly.
PMCID: PMC3993711  PMID: 24523474
5.  International Multicenter Evaluation of the DiversiLab Bacterial Typing System for Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2013;51(12):3944-3949.
Successful multidrug-resistant clones are increasing in prevalence globally, which makes the ability to identify these clones urgent. However, adequate, easy-to-perform, and reproducible typing methods are lacking. We investigated whether DiversiLab (DL), an automated repetitive-sequence-based PCR bacterial typing system (bioMérieux), is suitable for comparing isolates analyzed at different geographic centers. A total of 39 Escherichia coli and 39 Klebsiella species isolates previously typed by the coordinating center were analyzed. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) confirmed the presence of one cluster of 6 isolates, three clusters of 3 isolates, and three clusters of 2 isolates for each set of isolates. DL analysis was performed in 11 centers in six different countries using the same protocol. The DL profiles of 425 E. coli and 422 Klebsiella spp. were obtained. The DL system showed a lower discriminatory power for E. coli than did PFGE. The local DL data showed a low concordance, as indicated by the adjusted Rand and Wallace coefficients (0.132 to 0.740 and 0.070 to 1.0 [E. coli] and 0.091 to 0.864 and 0.056 to 1.0 [Klebsiella spp.], respectively). The central analysis showed a significantly improved concordance (0.473 to 1.0 and 0.290 to 1.0 [E. coli] and 0.513 to 0.965 and 0.425 to 1.0 [Klebsiella spp.], respectively). The misclassifications of profiles for individual isolates were mainly due to inconsistent amplification, which was most likely due to variations in the quality and amounts of the isolated DNA used for amplification. Despite local variations, the DL system has the potential to indicate the occurrence of clonal outbreaks in an international setting, provided there is strict adherence to standardized, reproducible DNA isolation methods and analysis protocols, all supported by a central database for profile comparisons.
PMCID: PMC3838019  PMID: 24025914
6.  DNA Microarray for Genotyping Antibiotic Resistance Determinants in Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates 
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy  2013;57(10):4761-4768.
In recent decades, Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as an organism of great concern due to its ability to accumulate antibiotic resistance. In order to improve the diagnosis of resistance determinants in A. baumannii in terms of lead time and accuracy, we developed a microarray that can be used to detect 91 target sequences associated with antibiotic resistance within 4 h from bacterial culture to result. The array was validated with 60 multidrug-resistant strains of A. baumannii in a blinded, prospective study. The results were compared to phenotype results determined by the automated susceptibility testing system VITEK2. Antibiotics considered were piperacillin-tazobactam, ceftazidime, imipenem, meropenem, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, and tigecycline. The average positive predictive value, negative predictive value, sensitivity, and specificity were 98, 98, 99, and 94%, respectively. For carbapenemase genes, the array results were compared to singleplex PCR results provided by the German National Reference Center for Gram-Negative Pathogens, and results were in complete concordance. The presented array is able to detect all relevant resistance determinants of A. baumannii in parallel. The short handling time of 4 h from culture to result helps to provide fast results in order to initiate adequate anti-infective therapy for critically ill patients. Another application would be data acquisition for epidemiologic surveillance.
PMCID: PMC3811405  PMID: 23856783
7.  Detection of Carbapenemases in Enterobacteriaceae by a Commercial Multiplex PCR 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2012;50(9):3115-3118.
A commercial multiplex PCR (hyplex SuperBug ID) was tested with a collection of 132 clinical Enterobacteriaceae strains producing different carbapenemases. The sensitivity for the detection of KPC-, VIM-, NDM-, and OXA-48-encoding genes was 100%, whereas two IMP variants were missed.
PMCID: PMC3421779  PMID: 22785190
8.  Tn125-Related Acquisition of blaNDM-Like Genes in Acinetobacter baumannii 
A multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolate recovered from a patient hospitalized in Switzerland after a transfer from Serbia produced the NDM-1 carbapenemase. The blaNDM-1 gene was part of a chromosomally located Tn125 composite transposon bracketed by two copies of the same insertion sequence, ISAba125. This transposon was also associated with the acquisition and expression of the blaNDM-2 gene in an A. baumannii isolate in Germany. Tn125 appears to be the main vehicle for dissemination of blaNDM genes in that species.
PMCID: PMC3264265  PMID: 22143526
9.  First description of Escherichia coli producing CTX-M-15- extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) in out-patients from south eastern Nigeria 
We studied the presence of extended spectrum beta lactamases (ESBLs) in 44 clinical isolates of Escherichia coli collected from out-patients in two university teaching hospitals in South-Eastern Nigeria. Species identification was performed by standard microbiology methods and re-confirmed by MALDI-TOF technology. Phenotypic characterization of ESBL enzymes was done by double disc synergy test and presence of ESBL genes was determined by specific PCR followed by sequencing. Transfer of plasmid DNA was carried out by transformation using E. coli DH5 as recipient strain. Phenotypic characterization identified all isolates to be ESBL positive. 77% of strains were from urine, 13.6% from vaginal swabs and 9.0% from wound swabs. 63.6% were from female patients, 68% were from outpatients and 95.5% from patients younger than 30 years. All ESBL producers were positive in a PCR for blaCTX-M-1 cluster, in exemplary strains blaCTX-M-15 was found by sequencing. In all strains ISEcp1 was found upstream and ORF477 downstream of blaCTX-M. PCR for blaTEM and blaOXA-1 was positive in 93.1% of strains, whereas blaSHV was not detected, aac(6′)-Ib-cr was found in 97.7% of strains. RAPD analysis revealed seven different clonal groups named A through G with the majority of the strains (65.9%) belonging to clone A. Transfer of an ESBL plasmid with co-resistance to gentamicin, kanamycin, tobramycin, doxycycline and trimethropim-sulfamethoxazole was successful in 19 (43.2%) strains. This study showed a high rate of CTX-M-1 cluster - ESBLs in South-Eastern Nigeria and further confirms the worldwide spread of CTX-M ESBL in clinical isolates.
PMCID: PMC3473344  PMID: 22824236
Outpatients; ESBL; CTX-M; Escherichia coli
10.  Late Periprosthetic Joint Infection due to Staphylococcus lugdunensis Identified by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry: A Case Report and Review of the Literature 
Case Reports in Medicine  2011;2011:608919.
Staphylococcus lugdunensis, member to the group of coagulase-negative staphylococci, is previously thought to be rarely isolated. Recently other staphylococci have been described, which were supposedly related to S. lugdunensis, such as Staphylococcus pseudolugdunensis and Staphylococcus pettenkoferi. To decrease the rate misidentifications, an accurate identification method, such as matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry or molecular methods, should be used. S. lugdunensis is usually associated with severe infections similar to those caused by S. aureus. Moreover, it has been described that skin infections due to S. lugdunensis are severely underreported and could be also underreported in periprosthetic joint infections. Ours is the first case of a late periprosthetic infection of the hip due to S. lugdunensis, identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation time-of-flight mass spectrometry. A periprosthetic infection due to S. lugdunensis should be treated according to protocols of S. aureus periprosthetic infections, and therefore an accurate species identification is desirable.
PMCID: PMC3138060  PMID: 21776276
11.  Occurrence of genes of putative fibrinogen binding proteins and hemolysins, as well as of their phenotypic correlates in isolates of S. lugdunensis of different origins 
BMC Research Notes  2011;4:113.
Staphylococcus lugdunensis is an important human pathogen that causes potentially fatal endocarditis, osteomyelitis and skin and soft tissue infections similar to diseases caused by Staphylococcus aureus. Nevertheless, in contrast to S. aureus, data on pathogenicity factors of S. lugdunensis is scarce. Two adhesins, a fibrinogen and a von Willebrand factor binding protein, and a S. lugdunensis synergistic hemolysin (SLUSH) have been previously described. Moreover, the newly sequenced genome of S. lugdunensis revealed genes of other putative fibrinogen binding adhesins and hemolysins. The aim of this study was to gain more insight into the occurrence of genes likely coding for fibrinogen binding adhesins and hemolysins using clinical strains of S. lugdunensis.
Most of the putative adhesin genes and hemolysin genes investigated in this study were highly prevalent, except for the SLUSH gene cluster. In contrast to previous reports, binding to fibrinogen was detected in 29.3% of the S. lugdunensis strains. In most strains, hemolysis on blood agar plates was weak after 24 h and distinct after 48 h of incubation. The fibrinogen binding and hemolysis phenotypes were also independent of the type of clinical specimen, from which the isolates were obtained.
In this study we described a pyrrolidonyl arylamidase negative S. lugdunensis isolate. Our data indicate that a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionisation time-of-flight MS-based identification of S. lugdunensis or species-specific PCR's should be performed in favour of pyrrolidonyl arylamidase testing. In contrast to the high occurrence of putative fibrinogen binding protein genes, 29.3% of the S. lugdunensis strains bound to fibrinogen. Putative hemolysin genes were also prevalent in most of the S. lugdunensis strains, irrespective of their hemolysis activity on Columbia blood agar plates. Similar to a previous report, hemolysis after 48 h of incubation is also indicative for S. lugdunensis. The SLUSH gene cluster was detected in an estimated 50% of the strains, indicating that this locus is different or non-prevalent in many strains.
PMCID: PMC3089787  PMID: 21477287
12.  Performance of MicroScan WalkAway and Vitek 2 for Detection of Oxacillin Resistance in a Set of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates with Diverse Genetic Backgrounds ▿  
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  2009;47(8):2623-2625.
Of 104 genotypically diverse methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates tested with the MicroScan WalkAway (Pos MIC 24 panel) and Vitek 2 (AST-P549 card) systems, 7 and 6 isolates, respectively, showed an oxacillin MIC of ≤2mg/liter. Most of these MRSA isolates were community acquired. However, if the cefoxitin screen of AST-P549 was also considered, MRSA detection failed for only one isolate.
PMCID: PMC2725681  PMID: 19515835

Results 1-12 (12)