In man the brain accounts for about 20% of the body's free cholesterol, most of which is synthesised de novo in brain. To maintain cholesterol balance throughout life, cholesterol becomes metabolised to 24S-hydroxycholesterol principally in neurons. In mouse, rat, and probably human, metabolism to 24S-hydroxycholesterol accounts for about 50% of cholesterol turnover, however, the route by which the remainder is turned over has yet to be elucidated. Here we describe a novel liquid chromatography (LC) – multi-stage fragmentation mass spectrometry (MSn) methodology for the identification, with high sensitivity (low pg), of cholesterol metabolites in rat brain. The methodology includes derivatisation to enhance ionisation, exact mass analysis at high-resolution to identify potential metabolites, and LC-MS3 to allow their characterisation. 24S-Hydroxycholesterol was confirmed as a major oxysterol in rat brain, while other oxysterols identified for the first time in brain included 24,25-, 24,27-, 25,27-, 6,24, 7α,25-, and 7α,27-dihydroxycholesterols. In addition, 3β-hydroxy-5-oxo-5,6-secocholestan-6-al and its aldol, two molecules linked to amyloidogenesis of proteins, were characterised in rat brain.