Dupuytren's disease (DD) has strong genetic component that is suggested by population studies and family clustering. Genetic studies have yet to identify the gene(s) involved in DD. The purpose of this study was to identify regions of the entire genome (Chromosome 1 – 23) associated with the disease by performing a genome-wide association scan (GWAS) on DD patients and controls.
Genomic DNA (gDNA) was isolated from saliva collected from 40 unrelated DD patients and 40 unaffected controls. The genotyping was conducted using CytoSNP™ - Infinium® HD Ultra genotyping assay on the Illumina platform. The single nucleotides polymorphism (SNP) genotyping data was analyzed using both log regression and mapping by admixture linkage disequilibrium (MALD) analysis methods.
The single SNP analysis revealed significant association in chromosomes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11, 16, 17 and 23 regions. MALD analysis showed ancestry-associated regions in chromosomes 2, 6, 8, 11, 16 and 20, which may harbor DD susceptibility genes. Both analyses methods revealed loci association in chromosomes 6, 11 and 16.
Our data suggest that chromosome 6, 11 and 16 may contain the genes for DD and that multiple genes may be involved in DD. Future genetic studies on DD should focus on these areas of the genome.