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1.  Relationship between genetic polymorphisms of metabolizing enzymes CYP2E1, GSTM1 and Kazakh’s esophageal squamous cell cancer in Xinjiang, China 
AIM: To analyze the relationship between genetic polym-orphisms of metabolizing enzymes CYP2E1, GSTM1 and Kazakh’s esophageal squamous cell cancer in China.
METHODS: The genotypes of cytochromes P450 (CYP) 2E1 and glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1 were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) following PCR in 104 Kazakh’s patients with esophageal cancer (EC) and 104 non-cancer controls.
RESULTS: The frequency of CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotype was significantly higher in patients with cancer (77.9%) than in control subjects (24.0%) (P<0.05; OR, 11.13; 95%CI, 5.84-21.22). The difference of GSTM1 null was significantly more frequent in the cancer (34.6%) vs the control group (3.8%) (P<0.05; OR, 13.24; 95%CI, 4.50-38.89). On the other hand, the combination of GSTM1 presence and CYP2E1 c1/c1 genotypes increased the risk for cancer (P<0.05; OR, 13.42; 95%CI, 6.29-28.3).
CONCLUSION: The CYP2E1 c1/c1, GSTM1 deletion genotypes are genetically susceptible biomarkers for ESCC in Kazakh population. Individuals with allele c1 of RsaI polymorphic locus for CYP2E1 may increase the risk of ESCC. Moreover, CYP2E1 wild type (c1/c1) increased the susceptibility to ESCC risk in Kazakh individuals with GSTM1 presence genotype.
doi:10.3748/wjg.v11.i24.3651
PMCID: PMC4316010  PMID: 15968714
Polymorphisms; CYP2E1; GSTM1; Kazakh’s esophageal squamous cell cancer
2.  Genomic profiling of rectal adenoma and carcinoma by array-based comparative genomic hybridization 
BMC Medical Genomics  2012;5:52.
Background
Rectal cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. Early detection and early therapy are important for the control of death caused by rectal cancer. The present study aims to investigate the genomic alterations in rectal adenoma and carcinoma.
Methods
We detected the genomic changes of 8 rectal adenomas and 8 carcinomas using array CGH. Then 14 genes were selected for analyzing the expression between rectal tumor and paracancerous normal tissues as well as from adenoma to carcinoma by real-time PCR. The expression of GPNMB and DIS3 were further investigated in rectal adenoma and carcinoma tissues by immunohistochemistry.
Results
We indentified ten gains and 22 losses in rectal adenoma, and found 25 gains and 14 losses in carcinoma. Gains of 7p21.3-p15.3, 7q22.3-q32.1, 13q13.1-q14.11, 13q21.1-q32.1, 13q32.2-q34, 20p11.21 and 20q11.23-q12 and losses of 17p13.1-p11.2, 18p11.32-p11.21 and 18q11.1-q11.2 were shared by both rectal adenoma and carcinoma. Gains of 1q, 6p21.33-p21.31 and losses of 10p14-p11.21, 14q12-q21.1, 14q22.1-q24.3, 14q31.3-q32.1, 14q32.2-q32.32, 15q15.1-q21.1, 15q22.31 and 15q25.1-q25.2 were only detected in carcinoma but not in adenoma. Copy number and mRNA expression of EFNA1 increased from rectal adenoma to carcinoma. C13orf27 and PMEPA1 with increased copy number in both adenoma and carcinoma were over expressed in rectal cancer tissues. Protein and mRNA expression of GPNMB was significantly higher in cancer tissues than rectal adenoma tissues.
Conclusion
Our data may help to identify the driving genes involved in the adenoma-carcinoma progression.
doi:10.1186/1755-8794-5-52
PMCID: PMC3533962  PMID: 23158542

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