To compare the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of CAT-8015, a second-generation recombinant immunotoxin composed of disulfide linked affinity matured VH and VL chains of the mouse anti-CD22 monoclonal antibody RFB4 fused to PE38, to the parental compound CAT-3888.
The biological activity of CAT-8015 was examined in vitro using B cell tumor lines and in vivo in a JD38-based subcutaneous tumor model in NCr athymic mice. Pharmacokinetics and interspecies scaling of CAT-8015 were evaluated in mice, rats, and Cynomologus monkeys. The potential toxicity of CAT-8015 was assessed in monkeys in a toxicological study and compared to CAT-3888.
The IC50s of CAT-8015 in vitro using the EHEB, MEC1, Daudi, CA46, and JD38 cell lines ranged from 0.3 - 8.6 ng/mL. Pharmacokinetic studies with CAT-8015 were conducted in mouse, rat and Cynomolgus monkey. The T1/2 was calculated to be 0.42, 0.61, and 0.79 hr and the Vss was 1.37, 5.57, and 140.3 mL in mouse, rat, and monkey, respectively. In vivo, when JD38 tumor-bearing animals were treated with CAT-8015 at doses ≥ 75 μg/kg at 48 hr intervals for a total of 3 doses, a rapid reduction in tumor volume and in some cases complete remission in tumor growth was observed. The comparative toxicological study showed comparable clinical and anatomical pathology changes for CAT-8015 and CAT-3888.
CAT-8015 is a CD22-targeting immunotoxin that, in preclinical studies, has greatly improved efficacy as compared to CAT-3888.