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1.  A Large Intragenic Deletion in the ACADM Gene Can Cause MCAD Deficiency but is not Detected on Routine Sequencing 
JIMD Reports  2013;11:13-16.
We report of a family who has three members affected by medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency, one of whom sadly died in the neonatal period prior to diagnosis. Routine sequencing, available on a service basis in the UK, identified only a heterozygous mutation in ACADM gene (c.985A>G, p.Lys329Glu) in this family. Linkage analysis suggested a possible intragenic deletion which was confirmed by the use of array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH). This second mutation was a large intragenic deletion encompassing at least exons 1–6 of the ACADM gene. Now that this deletion has been identified, several family members have come forward for carrier testing which was not possible previously. Larger deletions (20bp or more) have only previously been reported twice, but these may be a more frequent cause of MCAD deficiency than hitherto believed, due to fact that these are not anticipated and, therefore, the routine diagnostic techniques used will not identify them. This finding represents a useful learning point in the management of families with MCAD deficiency, and highlights that we should be routinely looking for larger deletions, when only one of the mutations can be identified on standard sequencing.
PMCID: PMC3755559  PMID: 23546811
2.  The prevalence of and survival in Mucopolysaccharidosis I: Hurler, Hurler-Scheie and Scheie syndromes in the UK 
Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a rare lysosomal storage disease subdivided into three phenotypes of increasing severity: Scheie, Hurler-Scheie and Hurler. To gauge the effectiveness of treatments and to determine the load likely to fall on health-care systems, it is necessary to understand the prevalence and natural progression of the disease especially with regard to life-expectancy. In general such data on the natural history of lysosomal storage diseases is sparse.
Analysis of prevalence and patient survival in MPS I disease using a unique longitudinal data set initiated and maintained over a period of more than 20 years by the Society for Mucopolysaccharide Diseases (UK).
The birth prevalence of MPS I in England and Wales over the period 1981 to 2003 was 1.07/100,000 births and within ± 5% of estimates reported in several studies that examined reasonably large populations. The median survival for MPS I patients (including all phenotypes irrespective of various treatments) was found by Kaplan-Meier analysis to be 11.6 years. This result was driven by the relatively poor survival of patients with the Hurler phenotype who, irrespective of any treatments received, had a median survival of 8.7 years; when censoring for receipt of bone marrow transplant (BMT) was implemented median survival of Hurler patients was diminished to 6.8 years. The difference between these survival curves was statistically significant by log rank test and can be attributed to beneficial effects of BMT and or selection of patients with superior prognosis for intervention with BMT. Survival curves for Hurler patients who received and did not receive BMT were very different. Probability of survival at 2 year after BMT was ~68% and was similar to this after 5 years (66%) and ten years (64%); the mean age of Hurler patients at receipt of BMT was 1.33 years (range 0.1 to 3 years). Follow up was insufficient to determine median survival of the milder phenotypes however, unsurprisingly, this was clearly superior to that for Hurler patients.
The birth prevalence of MPS I in England and Wales is 1.07/100,000 and the median survival for MPS I patients is 11.6 years.
PMCID: PMC2553763  PMID: 18796143

Results 1-3 (3)