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3.  Tips for GP trainees wishing to undertake an international experience 
doi:10.3399/bjgp12X636263
PMCID: PMC3310027  PMID: 22520908
4.  An interview with Médecins Sans Frontières 
The British Journal of General Practice  2011;61(592):e761-e762.
doi:10.3399/bjgp11X606753
PMCID: PMC3207094  PMID: 22054340
5.  Combining general practice with international work: online survey of experiences of UK GPs 
JRSM Short Reports  2012;3(7):46.
Objectives
To conduct an exploratory study to learn about the experiences of GPs who have undertaken international work.
Design
Cross-sectional survey
Setting
Online survey of UK-based GPs. Members of all UK RCGP faculties were invited to participate by email and the survey was publicised on the RCGP website
Participants
All UK-based GPs
Main outcome measures
Types of UK and international work undertaken, barriers, competencies gained, influence on career and future plans.
Results
The study identified 439 respondents, in a variety of GP roles at all career stages, who had undertaken international work in their role as a doctor. GPs are undertaking international work in both high and low/middle-income countries, engaging in a wide range of clinical and non-clinical activities. Respondents reported gaining a range of competencies from international work, which could be transferred back to the UK setting to a variable degree. Commonly cited barriers to international work were having to leave friends and family, and concerns regarding future employment and pension. Most reported that engaging in international work had influenced the direction of their career, with the largest proportion stating that they wish to work predominantly in the UK, with some international work in the future.
Conclusion
The study highlights the variety of ways in which UK GPs are combining UK general practice and international work, competencies gained with such work, and ability to transfer these back to the UK setting. Historical barriers to international work still exist and future research could further examine the value of such work.
doi:10.1258/shorts.2012.012054
PMCID: PMC3422855  PMID: 22908027
8.  The three official language versions of the Declaration of Helsinki: what's lost in translation? 
Journal of Medical Ethics  2007;33(9):545-548.
Background
The Declaration of Helsinki, the World Medical Association's (WMA's) statement of ethical guidelines regarding medical research, is published in the three official languages of the WMA: English, French and Spanish.
Methods
A detailed comparison of the three official language versions was carried out to determine ways in which they differed and ways in which the wording of the three versions might illuminate the interpretation of the document.
Results
There were many minor linguistic differences between the three versions. However, in paragraphs 1, 6, 29, 30 and in the note of clarification to paragraph 29, there were differences that could be considered potentially significant in their ethical relevance.
Interpretation
Given the global status of the Declaration of Helsinki and the fact that it is translated from its official versions into many other languages for application to the ethical conduct of research, the differences identified are of concern. It would be best if such differences could be eliminated but, at the very least, a commentary to explain any differences that are unavoidable on the basis of language or culture should accompany the Declaration of Helsinki. This evidence further strengthens the case for international surveillance of medical research ethics as has been proposed by the WMA.
doi:10.1136/jme.2006.018168
PMCID: PMC2598189  PMID: 17761826
Declaration of Helsinki; ethics; research; linguistics; international health problems; World Medical Association
9.  A Snapshot of General Practice in Europe 
doi:10.3399/bjgp09X420716
PMCID: PMC2673167  PMID: 19401024

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