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1.  Expanded GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in non-coding region of C9ORF72 causes chromosome 9p-linked frontotemporal dementia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 
Neuron  2011;72(2):245-256.
SUMMARY
Several families have been reported with autosomal dominant frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), genetically linked to chromosome 9p21. Here we report an expansion of a non-coding GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat in the gene C9ORF72 that is strongly associated with disease in a large FTD/ALS kindred, previously reported to be conclusively linked to chromosome 9p. This same repeat expansion was identified in the majority of our families with a combined FTD/ALS phenotype and TDP-43 based pathology. Analysis of extended clinical series found the C9ORF72 repeat expansion to be the most common genetic abnormality in both familial FTD (11.7%) and familial ALS (22.5%). The repeat expansion leads to the loss of one alternatively spliced C9ORF72 transcript and to formation of nuclear RNA foci, suggesting multiple disease mechanisms. Our findings indicate that repeat expansion in C9ORF72 is a major cause of both FTD and ALS.
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2011.09.011
PMCID: PMC3202986  PMID: 21944778
2.  Salivary gland-type lung carcinomas: an EGFR immunohistochemical, molecular genetic, and mutational analysis study 
Salivary gland-type lung carcinomas are uncommon neoplasms of the lung, the two most common being adenoid cystic carcinoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Although they usually have an indolent behavior, adenoid cystic carcinomas can be more aggressive, with 5-year survival as low as 55%. Unfortunately, these tumors do not respond well to chemotherapy. In contrast to the most common subtypes of lung carcinomas, epidermal growth factor receptor studies have not been carried out in this group of tumors. Herein we report a series of 24 cases (12 adenoid cystic and 12 mucoepidermoid carcinomas) tested for epidermal growth factor receptor protein expression, epidermal growth factor receptor gene copy gains, and epidermal growth factor receptor gene mutational status, through immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization, and sequencing of the exons 18-21, respectively. Overall, 91 and 92% of the adenoid cystic carcinomas and mucoepidermoid carcinomas expressed epidermal growth factor receptor protein. Chromosome 7 polysomy occurred in 25% of the cases (four adenoid cystic carcinomas and two mucoepidermoid carcinomas). No epidermal growth factor receptor gene amplification was detected and no mutation was found in exons 18-21 of the epidermal growth factor receptor gene. Immunoexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor in salivary gland-type lung carcinomas is not related to epidermal growth factor receptor gene copy number or mutational status.
doi:10.1038/modpathol.2008.113
PMCID: PMC2752817  PMID: 18587327
salivary gland-type lung carcinoma; adenoid cystic carcinoma; mucoepidermoid carcinoma; epidermal growth factor receptor; immunohistochemistry; FISH

Results 1-2 (2)