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1.  Evolution of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody therapeutics in oncology 
mAbs  2010;2(1):14-19.
Approval of an anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody, rituximab, has revolutionized cancer treatment and also validated CD20 targeting for providing benefit and improvement of overall response rate in B cell malignancies. Although many patients have benefited from the treatment of rituximab, there are still significant numbers of patients who are refractory or develop resistance to the treatment. Here we discuss pre-clinically well-defined potential mechanisms of action for rituximab and review the ways next generation anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies can potentially exploit them to further enhance the treatment of B cell malignancies. Although the relative importance of each of these mechanism remains to be established in the clinic, well-designed clinical trials will help to define the efficacy and understanding of which effector activity of modified next generation anti-CD20 mAb will be important in the treatment of B-cell malignancies.
PMCID: PMC2828574  PMID: 20081379
CD20; NHL; CLL; monoclonal antibody; next generation anti-CD20 antibodies; ADCC; CDC; ADCP; PCD; rituximab
2.  Combination of the anti-CD30-auristatin-E antibody-drug conjugate (SGN-35) with chemotherapy improves antitumour activity in Hodgkin lymphoma 
British Journal of Haematology  2008;142(1):69-73.
The antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) cAC10-vcMMAE consists of the tubulin inhibitor monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE) conjugated to the chimeric anti-CD30 monoclonal antibody cAC10. This ADC potently interferes with the growth of CD30-positive haematological tumours, including Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. This study found improved antitumour activity in a preclinical model of HL when SGN-35 was combined with chemotherapeutic regimens such as ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine) or gemcitabine. Improved efficacy was also observed in high tumour burden models, indicating that combining ADCs with chemotherapeutic agents may be advantageous for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory HL.
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2141.2008.07146.x
PMCID: PMC2440525  PMID: 18477046
SGN-35; antibody-drug conjugate; ABVD; gemcitabine; Hodgkin lymphoma
3.  Adoptively transferred human lung tumor specific cytotoxic T cells can control autologous tumor growth and shape tumor phenotype in a SCID mouse xenograft model 
Background
The anti-tumor efficacy of human immune effector cells, such as cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs), has been difficult to study in lung cancer patients in the clinical setting. Improved experimental models for the study of lung tumor-immune cell interaction as well as for evaluating the efficacy of adoptive transfer of immune effector cells are needed.
Methods
To address questions related to the in vivo interaction of human lung tumor cells and immune effector cells, we obtained an HLA class I + lung tumor cell line from a fresh surgical specimen, and using the infiltrating immune cells, isolated and characterized tumor antigen-specific, CD8+ CTLs. We then established a SCID mouse-human tumor xenograft model with the tumor cell line and used it to study the function of the autologous CTLs provided via adoptive transfer.
Results
The tumor antigen specific CTLs isolated from the tumor were found to have an activated memory phenotype and able to kill tumor cells in an antigen specific manner in vitro. Additionally, the tumor antigen-specific CTLs were fully capable of homing to and killing autologous tumors in vivo, and expressing IFN-╬│, each in an antigen-dependent manner. A single injection of these CTLs was able to provide significant but temporary control of the growth of autologous tumors in vivo without the need for IL-2. The timing of injection of CTLs played an essential role in the outcome of tumor growth control. Moreover, immunohistochemical analysis of surviving tumor cells following CTL treatment indicated that the surviving tumor cells expressed reduced MHC class I antigens on their surface.
Conclusion
These studies confirm and extend previous studies and provide additional information regarding the characteristics of CTLs which can be found within a patient's tumor. Moreover, the in vivo model described here provides a unique window for observing events that may also occur in patients undergoing adoptive cellular immunotherapy as effector cells seek and destroy areas of tumor growth and for testing strategies to improve clinical effectiveness.
doi:10.1186/1479-5876-5-29
PMCID: PMC1933531  PMID: 17592641

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