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1.  Knee Articular Cartilage Damage in Osteoarthritis: Analysis of MR Image Biomarker Reproducibility in ACRIN-PA 4001 Multicenter Trial1 
Radiology  2011;258(3):832-842.
Purpose
To prospectively determine the reproducibility of quantitative magnetic resonance (MR) imaging biomarkers of the morphology and composition (spin lattice relaxation time in rotating frame [T1-ρ], T2) of knee cartilage in a multicenter multivendor trial involving patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and asymptomatic control subjects.
Materials and Methods
This study was HIPAA compliant and approved by the institutional review committees of the participating sites, with written informed consent obtained from all participants. Fifty subjects from five sites who were deemed to have normal knee joints (n = 18), mild OA (n = 16), or moderate OA (n = 16) on the basis of Kellgren-Lawrence scores were enrolled. Each participant underwent four sequential 3-T knee MR imaging examinations with use of the same imager and with 2–63 days (median, 18 days) separating the first and last examinations. Water-excited three-dimensional T1-weighted gradient-echo imaging, T1-ρ imaging, and T2 mapping of cartilage in the axial and coronal planes were performed. Biomarker reproducibility was determined by using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and root-mean-square coefficients of variation (RMS CVs, expressed as percentages).
Results
Morphometric biomarkers had high reproducibility, with ICCs of 0.989 or greater and RMS CVs lower than 4%. The largest differences between the healthy subjects and the patients with radiographically detected knee OA were those in T1-ρ values, but precision errors were relatively large. Reproducibility of T1-ρ values was higher in the thicker patellar cartilage (ICC range, 0.86–0.93; RMS CV range, 14%–18%) than in the femorotibial joints (ICC range, 0.20–0.84; RMS CV range, 7%–19%). Good to high reproducibility of T2 was observed, with ICCs ranging from 0.61 to 0.98 and RMS CVs ranging from 4% to 14%.
Conclusion
MR imaging measurements of cartilage morphology, T2, and patellar T1-ρ demonstrated moderate to excellent reproducibility in a clinical trial network.
doi:10.1148/radiol.10101174
PMCID: PMC4104774  PMID: 21212364
2.  The Charcot Foot in Diabetes 
Diabetes Care  2011;34(9):2123-2129.
The diabetic Charcot foot syndrome is a serious and potentially limb-threatening lower-extremity complication of diabetes. First described in 1883, this enigmatic condition continues to challenge even the most experienced practitioners. Now considered an inflammatory syndrome, the diabetic Charcot foot is characterized by varying degrees of bone and joint disorganization secondary to underlying neuropathy, trauma, and perturbations of bone metabolism. An international task force of experts was convened by the American Diabetes Association and the American Podiatric Medical Association in January 2011 to summarize available evidence on the pathophysiology, natural history, presentations, and treatment recommendations for this entity.
doi:10.2337/dc11-0844
PMCID: PMC3161273  PMID: 21868781
3.  Magnetic resonance imaging findings in bipartite medial cuneiform – a potential pitfall in diagnosis of midfoot injuries: a case series 
Introduction
The bipartite medial cuneiform is an uncommon developmental osseous variant in the midfoot. To our knowledge, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) characteristics of a non-symptomatic bipartite medial cuneiform have not been described in the orthopaedic literature. It is important for orthopaedic foot and ankle surgeons, musculoskeletal radiologists, and for podiatrists to identify this osseous variant as it may be mistakenly diagnosed as a fracture or not recognized as a source of non-traumatic or traumatic foot pain, which may sometimes even require surgical treatment.
Case presentations
In this report, we describe the characteristics of three cases of bipartite medial cuneiform on Magnetic Resonance Imaging and contrast its appearance to that of a medial cuneiform fracture.
Conclusion
A bipartite medial cuneiform is a rare developmental anomaly of the midfoot and may be the source of midfoot pain. Knowledge about its characteristic appearance on magnetic resonance imaging is important because it is a potential pitfall in diagnosis of midfoot injuries.
doi:10.1186/1752-1947-2-272
PMCID: PMC2542399  PMID: 18700977
4.  Bone stress injury of the ankle in professional ballet dancers seen on MRI 
Background
Ballet Dancers have been shown to have a relatively high incidence of stress fractures of the foot and ankle. It was our objective to examine MR imaging patterns of bone marrow edema (BME) in the ankles of high performance professional ballet dancers, to evaluate clinical relevance.
Methods
MR Imaging was performed on 12 ankles of 11 active professional ballet dancers (6 female, 5 male; mean age 24 years, range 19 to 32). Individuals were imaged on a 0.2 T or 1.5 T MRI units. Images were evaluated by two musculoskeletal radiologists and one orthopaedic surgeon in consensus for location and pattern of bone marrow edema. In order to control for recognized sources of bone marrow edema, images were also reviewed for presence of osseous, ligamentous, tendinous and cartilage injuries. Statistical analysis was performed to assess the strength of the correlation between bone marrow edema and ankle pain.
Results
Bone marrow edema was seen only in the talus, and was a common finding, observed in nine of the twelve ankles imaged (75%) and was associated with pain in all cases. On fluid-sensitive sequences, bone marrow edema was ill-defined and centered in the talar neck or body, although in three cases it extended to the talar dome. No apparent gender predilection was noted. No occult stress fracture could be diagnosed. A moderately strong correlation (phi = 0.77, p= 0.0054) was found between edema and pain in the study population.
Conclusion
Bone marrow edema seems to be a specific MRI finding in the talus of professional ballet dancers, likely related to biomechanical stress reactions, due to their frequently performed unique maneuvers. Clinically, this condition may indicate a sign of a bone stress injury of the ankle.
doi:10.1186/1471-2474-9-39
PMCID: PMC2329634  PMID: 18371230

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