Search tips
Search criteria

Results 1-3 (3)

Clipboard (0)

Select a Filter Below

more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
1.  Synovium as a source of increased amino-terminal parathyroid hormone-related protein expression in rheumatoid arthritis. A possible role for locally produced parathyroid hormone-related protein in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. 
Journal of Clinical Investigation  1998;101(7):1362-1371.
Proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin 1 (IL-1), mediate the joint destruction that characterizes rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Previous studies have shown that parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a member of the cascade of proinflammatory cytokines induced in parenchymal organs during lethal endotoxemia. To test the hypothesis that NH2-terminal PTHrP, a potent bone resorbing agent, could also be a member of the synovial cascade of tissue-destructive cytokines whose expression is induced in RA, PTHrP expression was examined in synovium and synoviocytes obtained from patients with RA and osteoarthritis (OA). PTHrP production, as determined by measurement of immunoreactive PTHrP(1-86) in tissue explant supernatants, was increased 10-fold in RA versus OA synovial tissue. Synovial lining cells and fibroblast-like cells within the pannus expressed both PTHrP and the PTH/PTHrP receptor, findings that were confirmed by in vitro studies of cultured synoviocytes. TNF-alpha and IL-1beta stimulated PTHrP expression in synoviocytes, while dexamethasone and interferon-gamma, agents with some therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of RA, inhibited PTHrP release. Treatment of synoviocytes with PTHrP(1-34) stimulated IL-6 secretion. These results suggest that proinflammatory cytokine-stimulated production of NH2-terminal PTHrP by synovial tissue directly invading cartilage and bone in RA may mediate joint destruction through direct effects on cartilage or bone, or, indirectly, via the induction of mediators of bone resorption in the tumor-like synovium.
PMCID: PMC508713  PMID: 9525978
2.  Uptake and intracellular survival of Bordetella pertussis in human macrophages. 
Infection and Immunity  1992;60(11):4578-4585.
Recent reports have demonstrated that Bordetella pertussis has invasive behavior in vivo and in vitro. In this study, we investigated the ability of a virulent strain, avirulent mutants, and mutants deficient in specific virulence factors to enter and survive intracellularly in human macrophages in vitro. Uptake of virulent B. pertussis was dose dependent and occurred in the absence of serum or specific antibody, with entry occurring via a microfilament-dependent phagocytic process. The virulent wild-type parental strain was internalized and persisted intracellularly over the 3 days of experiments, as determined by transmission electron microscopy and by recovery of viable plate counts. This is the first report of long-term survival of B. pertussis in human macrophages. Avirulent mutants entered macrophages, but at only an average of 1.5% of virulent parental levels, and did not survive intracellularly. Mutants which did not express adenylate cyclase toxin, filamentous hemagglutinin, or pertussis toxin had decreased abilities to enter and to survive inside macrophages. The results suggest that the internalization process, as well as intracellular survival, is virulence dependent and that mutations which inactivate expression of virulence factors may affect both. The ability of B. pertussis to enter and persist inside macrophages may be important not only for survival of the bacteria but also in the pathogenesis of whooping cough.
PMCID: PMC258205  PMID: 1398970
3.  Anchorage-independent growth of synoviocytes from arthritic and normal joints. Stimulation by exogenous platelet-derived growth factor and inhibition by transforming growth factor-beta and retinoids. 
Journal of Clinical Investigation  1989;83(4):1267-1276.
Exuberant tumor-like synovial cell proliferation with invasion of periarticular bone is a feature of rheumatoid arthritis in humans and of streptococcal cell wall (SCW)-induced arthritis in rats. These histologic observations prompted us to examine synoviocytes from arthritic joints for phenotypic characteristics of transformed cells. The capacity to grow in vitro under anchorage-independent conditions is a characteristic that correlates closely with potential in vivo tumorigenicity. In medium supplemented with 20% serum or in basal media supplemented with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), early passage synoviocytes from both SCW-induced and rheumatoid arthritic joints formed colonies in soft agarose. Epidermal growth factor (EGF), interleukin 1 (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) did not support growth, although EGF enhanced PDGF-dependent growth. On the other hand, TGF-beta, as well as all-trans-retinoic acid, inhibited colony growth. Early passage normal rat and human synoviocytes also grew under the same conditions, but lung, skin, and late-gestation embryonic fibroblast-like cells did not. Considered in the context of other published data our findings provide cogent evidence that synoviocytes, but not other types of fibroblast-like cells, readily acquire phenotypic characteristics commonly associated with transformed cells. Expression of the transformed phenotype in the inflammatory site is likely regulated by paracrine growth factors, such as PDGF and TGF-beta.
PMCID: PMC303817  PMID: 2784799

Results 1-3 (3)