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author:("Xi, fenglong")
1.  Membrane association and functional regulation of Sec3 by phospholipids and Cdc42 
The Journal of Cell Biology  2008;180(1):145-158.
The exocyst is an octameric protein complex implicated in tethering post-Golgi secretory vesicles at the plasma membrane in preparation for fusion. However, it is not clear how the exocyst is targeted to and physically associates with specific domains of the plasma membrane and how its functions are regulated at those regions. We demonstrate that the N terminus of the exocyst component Sec3 directly interacts with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. In addition, we have identified key residues in Sec3 that are critical for its binding to the guanosine triphosphate–bound form of Cdc42. Genetic analyses indicate that the dual interactions of Sec3 with phospholipids and Cdc42 control its function in yeast cells. Disrupting these interactions not only blocks exocytosis and affects exocyst polarization but also leads to defects in cell morphogenesis. We propose that the interactions of Sec3 with phospholipids and Cdc42 play important roles in exocytosis and polarized cell growth.
PMCID: PMC2213614  PMID: 18195105
2.  Exo70p mediates the secretion of specific exocytic vesicles at early stages of the cell cycle for polarized cell growth 
The Journal of Cell Biology  2007;176(6):771-777.
In budding yeast, two classes of post-Golgi secretory vesicles carrying different sets of cargoes typified by Bgl2p and invertase are delivered to the plasma membrane for secretion. The exocyst is implicated in tethering these vesicles to the daughter cell membrane for exocytosis. In this study, we report that mutations in the exocyst component Exo70p predominantly block secretion of the Bgl2p vesicles. Furthermore, a defect in invertase vesicle trafficking caused by vps1Δ or pep12Δ in the exo70 mutant background is detrimental to the cell. The secretion defect in exo70 mutants was most pronounced during the early budding stage, which affected daughter cell growth. The selective secretion block does not occur at the vesicle formation or sorting stage because the exocytic vesicles are properly generated and protein processing is normal in the exo70 mutants. Our study suggests that Exo70p functions primarily at early stages of the cell cycle in Bgl2p vesicle secretion, which is critical for polarized cell growth.
PMCID: PMC2064051  PMID: 17339375

Results 1-2 (2)