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1.  Balloon-Assisted Rapid Intermittent Sequential Coiling (BRISC) Technique for the Treatment of Complex Wide-Necked Intracranial Aneurysms 
Interventional Neuroradiology  2011;17(1):64-69.
Summary
We describe our experience with balloon-assisted rapid intermittent sequential coiling (BRISC) of complex wide-necked aneurysms as an alternative to stent-assisted coiling. We use this technique in patients with acutely ruptured aneurysms, where antithrombotic treatment prior to stent deployment may not be advisable, and where the vascular anatomy is unfavorable for stenting. This is a retrospective analysis of 11 wide-necked aneurysms treated with this technique from June 2008 to January 2010. Results were analyzed in terms of aneurysm occlusion, procedural complications like thromboembolism, dissection/vasospasm, groin hematoma and any recurrence on follow-up. Coiling was successfully attempted in all cases (100%). Immediate angiographic results showed complete occlusion (class 1) in 8/11, residual neck (class II) in 3/11 and no residual aneurysm (class III) Procedural complications were local thrombus formation in 3/11 procedures but no symptomatic thromboembolism, dissection in 1/11 and groin hematoma in 1/11. There was no morbidity or mortality. On follow-up study, there was one recurrence, which was subsequently coiled. In our opinion, this technique may provide an alternative to stent-assisted coiling in patients with ruptured aneurysm where antithrombotic treatment prior to stent deployment may not be advisable and in the presence of vascular anatomy unsuitable for stenting.
PMCID: PMC3278026  PMID: 21561560
balloon-assisted coiling, BRISC, complex wide-necked aneurysms
2.  Fusiform Lenticulostriate Artery Aneurysm with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: The Role for Superselective Angiography in Treatment Planning 
Interventional Neuroradiology  2010;16(3):259-263.
Summary
Aneurysms of the lenticulostriatal perforating arteries are rare and either involve the middle cerebral artery-perforator junction or are located distally in basal ganglia. We describe a rare ruptured fusiform lenticulostriatal perforating artery aneurysm arising from a proximal M2 MCA branch, discerned on superselective microcatheter angiography, presenting solely with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).
A 50-year-old previously healthy man presented with diffuse SAH and negative CT angiogram. Cerebral angiogram demonstrated a 2 mm fusiform aneurysm presumably arising from the right lateral lenticulostriate perforator but the exact origin of the perforator was unclear. Superselective angiography was required to precisely delineate the aneurysm and its vessel of origin and directly influenced treatment planning (surgical trapping).
Superselective microcatheter angiography provides both an option for endovascular therapy as well as more accurate delineation for surgical planning for these rare aneurysms.
PMCID: PMC3277997  PMID: 20977857
aneurysm, lenticulostriatal perforating arteries, subarachnoid hemorrhage, microcatheter angiography, endovascular
3.  Guidelines for the use of carotid endarterectomy: current recommendations from the Canadian Neurosurgical Society 
OBJECTIVE: To develop guidelines on the suitability of patients for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). OPTIONS: For atherosclerotic carotid stenosis that has resulted in retinal or cerebral ischemia: antiplatelet drugs or CEA. For asymptomatic carotid stenosis: CEA or no surgery. OUTCOMES: Risk of stroke and death. EVIDENCE: Trials comparing CEA with nonsurgical management of carotid stenosis. VALUES: Greatest weight was given to findings that were highly significant both statistically and clinically. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Benefit: reduction in the risk of stroke. Major harms: iatrogenic stroke, cardiac complications and death secondary to surgical manipulations of the artery or the systemic stress of surgery. Costs were not considered. RECOMMENDATIONS: CEA is clearly recommended for patients with surgically accessible internal carotid artery (ICA) stenoses equal to or greater than 70% of the more distal, normal ICA lumen diameter, providing: (1) the stenosis is symptomatic, causing transient ischemic attacks or nondisabling stroke (including retinal infarction); (2) there is no worse distal, ipsilateral, carotid distribution arterial disease; (3) the patient is in stable medical condition; and (4) the rates of major surgical complications (stroke and death) among patients of the treating surgeon are less than 6%. Surgery is not recommended for asymptomatic stenoses of less than 60%. Symptomatic stenoses of less than 70% and asymptomatic stenoses of greater than 60% are uncertain indications. For these indications, consideration should be given to (1) patient presentation, age and medical condition; (2) plaque characteristics such as degree of narrowing, the presence of ulceration and any documented worsening of the plaque over time; (3) other cerebral arterial stenoses or occlusions, or cerebral infarcts identified through neuroimaging; and (4) surgical complication rates at the institution. CEA should not be considered for asymptomatic stenoses unless the combined stroke and death rate among patients of the surgeon is less than 3%. VALIDATION: These guidelines generally agree with position statements prepared by other organizations in recent years, and with a January 1995 consensus statement by a group of experts assembled by the American Heart Association.
PMCID: PMC1228103  PMID: 9307551

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