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1.  FAM13A locus in COPD is independently associated with lung cancer – evidence of a molecular genetic link between COPD and lung cancer 
Recent genome-wide association studies have reported a FAM13A variant on chromosome 4q22.1 is associated with lung function and COPD. We examined this variant in a case-control study of current or former smokers with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, n = 458), lung cancer (n = 454), or normal lung function (n = 488). Sex, age, and smoking history were comparable between groups. We confirmed the FAM13A variant (rs7671167) confers a protective effect on smoking-related COPD alone (C allele odds ratio [OR] = 0.79, P = 0.013, and CC genotype OR = 0.71, P = 0.024) and those with COPD, both with and without lung cancer (C allele OR = 0.80, P = 0.008, and CC genotype OR = 0.70, P = 0.007). The FAM13A variant also confers a protective effect on lung cancer overall (C allele OR = 0.75, P = 0.002, and CC genotype OR = 0.64, P = 0.003) even after excluding those with co-existing COPD (C allele OR = 0.67, P = 0.0007, and CC genotype OR = 0.58, P = 0.006). This was independent of age, sex, height, lung function, and smoking history. This protective effect was confined to those with nonsmall cell lung cancer (C allele OR = 0.72, P = 0.0009, and CC genotype OR = 0.61, P = 0.003). This study suggests that genetic predisposition to COPD is shared with lung cancer through shared pathogenetic factors such as the 4q22.1 locus implicating the Rho-kinase pathway.
PMCID: PMC3681173  PMID: 23776362
lung cancer; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; FAM13A; association study; polymorphism; GTPase
2.  Individual and Cumulative Effects of GWAS Susceptibility Loci in Lung Cancer: Associations after Sub-Phenotyping for COPD 
PLoS ONE  2011;6(2):e16476.
Epidemiological studies show that approximately 20–30% of chronic smokers develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) while 10–15% develop lung cancer. COPD pre-exists lung cancer in 50–90% of cases and has a heritability of 40–77%, much greater than for lung cancer with heritability of 15–25%. These data suggest that smokers susceptible to COPD may also be susceptible to lung cancer. This study examines the association of several overlapping chromosomal loci, recently implicated by GWA studies in COPD, lung function and lung cancer, in (n = 1400) subjects sub-phenotyped for the presence of COPD and matched for smoking exposure. Using this approach we show; the 15q25 locus confers susceptibility to lung cancer and COPD, the 4q31 and 4q22 loci both confer a reduced risk to both COPD and lung cancer, the 6p21 locus confers susceptibility to lung cancer in smokers with pre-existing COPD, the 5p15 and 1q23 loci both confer susceptibility to lung cancer in those with no pre-existing COPD. We also show the 5q33 locus, previously associated with reduced FEV1, appears to confer susceptibility to both COPD and lung cancer. The 6p21 locus previously linked to reduced FEV1 is associated with COPD only. Larger studies will be needed to distinguish whether these COPD-related effects may reflect, in part, associations specific to different lung cancer histology. We demonstrate that when the “risk genotypes” derived from the univariate analysis are incorporated into an algorithm with clinical variables, independently associated with lung cancer in multivariate analysis, modest discrimination is possible on receiver operator curve analysis (AUC = 0.70). We suggest that genetic susceptibility to lung cancer includes genes conferring susceptibility to COPD and that sub-phenotyping with spirometry is critical to identifying genes underlying the development of lung cancer.
PMCID: PMC3033394  PMID: 21304900

Results 1-2 (2)