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author:("weyer, Walter")
1.  Characterization of a Feedback-Resistant Mevalonate Kinase from the Archaeon Methanosarcina mazei▿ 
Applied and Environmental Microbiology  2011;77(21):7772-7778.
The mevalonate pathway is utilized for the biosynthesis of isoprenoids in many bacterial, eukaryotic, and archaeal organisms. Based on previous reports of its feedback inhibition, mevalonate kinase (MVK) may play an important regulatory role in the biosynthesis of mevalonate pathway-derived compounds. Here we report the purification, kinetic characterization, and inhibition analysis of the MVK from the archaeon Methanosarcina mazei. The inhibition of the M. mazei MVK by the following metabolites derived from the mevalonate pathway was explored: dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), geranyl pyrophosphate (GPP), farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP), isopentenyl monophosphate (IP), and diphosphomevalonate. M. mazei MVK was not inhibited by DMAPP, GPP, FPP, diphosphomevalonate, or IP, a proposed intermediate in an alternative isoprenoid pathway present in archaea. Our findings suggest that the M. mazei MVK represents a distinct class of mevalonate kinases that can be differentiated from previously characterized MVKs based on its inhibition profile.
PMCID: PMC3209144  PMID: 21908638
2.  Catabolite Repression and Activation in Bacillus subtilis: Dependency on CcpA, HPr, and HprK 
Journal of Bacteriology  2005;187(22):7826-7839.
Previous studies have suggested that the transcription factor CcpA, as well as the coeffectors HPr and Crh, both phosphorylated by the HprK kinase/phosphorylase, are primary mediators of catabolite repression and catabolite activation in Bacillus subtilis. We here report whole transcriptome analyses that characterize glucose-dependent gene expression in wild-type cells and in isogenic mutants lacking CcpA, HprK, or the HprK phosphorylatable serine in HPr. Binding site identification revealed which genes are likely to be primarily or secondarily regulated by CcpA. Most genes subject to CcpA-dependent regulation are regulated fully by HprK and partially by serine-phosphorylated HPr [HPr(Ser-P)]. A positive linear correlation was noted between the dependencies of catabolite-repressible gene expression on CcpA and HprK, but no such relationship was observed for catabolite-activated genes, suggesting that large numbers of the latter genes are not regulated by the CcpA-HPr(Ser-P) complex. Many genes that mediate nitrogen or phosphorus metabolism as well as those that function in stress responses proved to be subject to CcpA-dependent glucose control. While nitrogen-metabolic genes may be subject to either glucose repression or activation, depending on the gene, almost all glucose-responsive phosphorus-metabolic genes exhibit activation while almost all glucose-responsive stress genes show repression. These responses are discussed from physiological standpoints. These studies expand our appreciation of CcpA-mediated catabolite control and provide insight into potential interregulon control mechanisms in gram-positive bacteria.
PMCID: PMC1280314  PMID: 16267306
3.  Correlation between Bacillus subtilis scoC Phenotype and Gene Expression Determined Using Microarrays for Transcriptome Analysis 
Journal of Bacteriology  2001;183(24):7329-7340.
The availability of the complete sequence of the Bacillus subtilis chromosome (F. Kunst et al., Nature 390:249–256, 1997) makes possible the construction of genome-wide DNA arrays and the study of this organism on a global scale. Because we have a long-standing interest in the effects of scoC on late-stage developmental phenomena as they relate to aprE expression, we studied the genome-wide effects of a scoC null mutant with the goal of furthering the understanding of the role of scoC in growth and developmental processes. In the present work we compared the expression patterns of isogenic B. subtilis strains, one of which carries a null mutation in the scoC locus (scoC4). The results obtained indicate that scoC regulates, either directly or indirectly, the expression of at least 560 genes in the B. subtilis genome. ScoC appeared to repress as well as activate gene expression. Changes in expression were observed in genes encoding transport and binding proteins, those involved in amino acid, carbohydrate, and nucleotide and/or nucleoside metabolism, and those associated with motility, sporulation, and adaptation to atypical conditions. Changes in gene expression were also observed for transcriptional regulators, along with sigma factors, regulatory phosphatases and kinases, and members of sensor regulator systems. In this report, we discuss some of the phenotypes associated with the scoC mutant in light of the transcriptome changes observed.
PMCID: PMC95582  PMID: 11717292

Results 1-3 (3)