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1.  College/School of Pharmacy Affiliation and Community Pharmacies' Involvement in Public Health Activities 
Objectives
To examine the relationship between pharmacy college/school affiliation and community pharmacies' involvement in immunization and emergency preparedness activities.
Methods
Telephone interviews were completed with 1,704 community pharmacies randomly sampled from 17 states to determine the pharmacies' involvement in immunization promotion, vaccine distribution, in-house immunization delivery, and health emergency preparedness and response, affiliation with college/school of pharmacy, and selected pharmacy and public health-related characteristics.
Results
Pharmacy college/school-affiliated community pharmacies were more likely than non-affiliated pharmacies to participate in immunization and emergency preparedness when controlling for pharmacy characteristics. College/school affiliation generally became nonsignificant, however, when public health-related characteristics were included in the analysis.
Conclusions
Affiliation with a college/school of pharmacy was related to community pharmacies' involvement in immunization and emergency preparedness.
PMCID: PMC2779635  PMID: 19960082
experiential learning; public health; school of pharmacy; college of pharmacy; community pharmacy; immunization
2.  Social Constructivist Learning Environment in an Online Professional Practice Course 
Objective
To assess the online social constructivist learning environment (SCLE) and student perceptions of the outcomes of the online introductory module of pharmacy professional practice that was designed based on social constructivism theory.
Design
The online introductory module of pharmacy professional practice in pharmaceutical marketing and business was carefully designed by organizing various activities, which were intended to encourage social interaction among students. The Constructivist Online Learning Environment Survey (COLLES) was applied to assess the SCLE. Course evaluation questionnaires were administered to assess student perceptions of this online module.
Assessment
The result from the COLLES illustrated the development of SCLE in the course. The students reported positive perceptions of the course.
Conclusion
An online introductory module of pharmacy professional practice in pharmaceutical marketing and business was effective in promoting SCLE.
PMCID: PMC2690880  PMID: 19513147
social constructivist; online learning; Constructivist Online Learning Environment Survey (COLLES); pharmacy education

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