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1.  Retreatment with bevacizumab in patients with gynecologic malignancy is associated with clinical response and does not increase morbidity 
OncoTargets and therapy  2014;7:469-476.
Purpose
Bevacizumab (Bev) is associated with improved progression-free survival in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. The use of Bev in patients with gynecologic malignancy is increasing; however, little is known about cumulative toxicity and response in patients retreated with Bev. Our goal was to determine cumulative side effects and response in patients retreated with Bev.
Patients and methods
Women with recurrent gynecologic malignancy treated with Bev between January 2007 and March 2012 at a single institution were identified, including a subset who received Bev in a subsequent regimen. The primary outcome was Bev-associated toxicity, and the secondary outcome was response.
Results
Of 83 patients that received Bev for recurrent disease, 23 were retreated with Bev and four received Bev maintenance. Three patients (13%) developed grade 3 or 4 hypertension; all had a history of chronic hypertension. One (4.3%) patient developed grade 3 proteinuria, and one (4.3%) developed an enterovaginal fistula. Four patients discontinued Bev secondary to toxicity. Toxicity was not related to the cumulative number of cycles. Twenty-six percent of patients responded to Bev retreatment. On univariate analysis, there was a significant (P=0.003) overall survival advantage when the Bev-free interval was >9 months (95% confidence interval [CI] 4.9–43.7) compared to ≤9 months (95% CI 2.1–11.5), 24.3 months, and 6.8 months.
Conclusion
Retreatment of patients with recurrent gynecologic malignancy with Bev did not increase morbidity and was associated with treatment response. Physicians treating women with recurrent disease may consider a Bev-containing regimen even if prior regimen(s) included Bev. Future studies should prospectively evaluate the efficacy of this treatment strategy.
doi:10.2147/OTT.S57425
PMCID: PMC3968081
bevacizumab; gynecologic malignancy; cumulative toxicity; treatment response
2.  Comparison of Locoregional Recurrence with Mastectomy vs. Breast Conserving Surgery in Pregnancy Associated Breast Cancer (PABC) 
Cancers  2009;1(1):12-20.
We have compared outcomes, including the locoregional recurrence, between mastectomy and breast conserving therapy in PABC. Patients were divided into those who were treated with mastectomies (group 1) and those with breast conserving surgery (group 2). The groups were comparable except for lower mean age in group 2 and more patients with stage III disease and higher number of nodes positive in the group 1. Five-year actuarial LRR, distant metastases free survival and overall survival in group 1 vs. 2 were 10% vs. 37%, 73% vs. 81% and 57% vs. 59% respectively. The patients with PABC treated with breast conserving therapy, despite having lower stage disease, have a higher risk of local regional recurrence in comparison with those treated with mastectomy.
doi:10.3390/cancers1010012
PMCID: PMC3757348  PMID: 24280969
pregnancy; cancer; surgery; mastectomy; breast conserving surgery
3.  Serum CA125 predicts extrauterine disease and survival in uterine carcinosarcoma 
Gynecologic oncology  2007;107(3):513-517.
Objective
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical utility of CA125 measurement in patients with uterine carcinosarcoma (CS).
Methods
Ninety-five consecutive patients treated for CS at a single institution were identified. All 54 patients who underwent preoperative CA125 measurement were included in the study. Data were abstracted from the medical records. Tests of association between preoperative CA125 and previously identified clinicopathologic prognostic factors were performed using Fisher’s exact test and Pearson chi-square test. To evaluate relationship of CA125 elevation and survival, a Cox proportional hazard model was used for multivariate analysis, incorporating all of prognostic factors identified by univariate analysis.
Results
Preoperative CA125 was significantly associated with the presence of extrauterine disease (P<0.001), deep myometrial invasion (P<0.001), and serous histology of the epithelial component (P=0.005). Using univariate survival analysis, stage (HR=1.808, P=0.004), postoperative CA125 level (HR=9.855, P<0.001), and estrogen receptor positivity (HR=0.314, P=0.029) were significantly associated with survival. In the multivariate model, only postoperative CA125 level remained significantly associated with poor survival (HR=5.725, P=0.009).
Conclusion
Preoperative CA125 elevation is a marker of extrauterine disease and deep myometrial invasion in patients with uterine CS. Postoperative CA125 elevation is an independent prognostic factor for poor survival. These findings indicate that CA125 may be a clinically useful serum marker in the management of patients with CS.
doi:10.1016/j.ygyno.2007.08.060
PMCID: PMC2696225  PMID: 17935762
Carcinosarcoma; CA125; Serum biomaker; Uterine neoplasm
4.  High-dose rate brachytherapy (HDRB) for primary or recurrent cancer in the vagina 
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of HDR brachytherapy for primary or recurrent vaginal cancer.
Methods
Between the years 2000 to 2006, 18 patients with primary or recurrent vaginal cancer were treated with brachytherapy (HDRB). Six patients had primary vaginal cancer (stage II to IVA) while 12 were treated for isolated vaginal recurrence (primary cervix = 4, vulva = 1 and endometrium = 7). Five patients had previous pelvic radiation therapy. All except one patient received external beam radiation therapy to a median dose of 45 Gy (range 31.2–55.8 Gy). The HDRB was intracavitary using a vaginal cylinder in 5 patients and interstitial using a modified Syed-Nesblett template in 13 patients. The dose of interstitial brachytherapy was 18.75 Gy in 5 fractions delivered twice daily. The median follow-up was 18 months (range 6–66 months).
Results
Complete response (CR) was achieved in all but one patient (94%). Of these 17 patients achieving a CR, 1 had local recurrence and 3 had systemic recurrence at a median time of 6 months (range 6–22 months). The 2-year actuarial local control and cause-specific survival for the entire group were 88% and 82.5%, respectively. In subset analysis, the crude local control was 100% for primary vaginal cancer, 100% for the group with recurrence without any prior radiation and 67% for group with recurrence and prior radiation therapy. Two patients had late grade 3 or higher morbidity (rectovaginal fistula in one patient and chronic vaginal ulcer resulting in bleeding in one patient). Both these patients had prior radiation therapy.
Conclusion
Our small series suggests that HDRB is efficacious for primary or recurrent vaginal cancer. Patients treated with primary disease and those with recurrent disease without prior irradiation have the greatest benefit from HDRB in this setting. The salvage rate for patients with prior radiation therapy is lower with a higher risk of significant complications. Additional patients and follow-up are ongoing to determine the long-term efficacy of this approach.
doi:10.1186/1748-717X-3-7
PMCID: PMC2270281  PMID: 18271958

Results 1-4 (4)