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1.  Imaging features contributing to the diagnosis of ameloblastomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours: logistic regression analysis 
Dentomaxillofacial Radiology  2011;40(3):133-140.
Objective
The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristic imaging features that can be used to differentiate ameloblastomas from keratocystic odontogenic tumours and to examine the significant imaging features contributing to a correct diagnosis.
Methods
60 observers (39 specialists in oral and maxillofacial radiology and 21 non-specialists) examined CT and/or panoramic images of 10 ameloblastomas and 10 keratocystic odontogenic tumours shown on a webpage and made diagnoses. Their correct answer ratios were then calculated. The imaging features of the tumours were evaluated and expressed as binary numbers or quantitative values. The imaging features that contributed to a correct diagnosis were elucidated using logistic regression analysis.
Results
The mean correct answer ratio was 61.3% ± 17.2% for the diagnosis of ameloblastomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours. CT images produced higher correct answer ratios for diagnosis of keratocystic odontogenic tumours by specialists. The significantly different imaging features between ameloblastomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours were the degree of bone expansion and the presence of high-density areas. The significant imaging features contributing to a correct imaging diagnosis were the number of locules, the presence of high-density areas and the inclusion of impacted teeth.
Conclusion
The presence of high-density areas is the most useful feature in the differential diagnosis of ameloblastomas and keratocystic odontogenic tumours based on comparison of the imaging features of both tumours and examination of the diagnostic contributions of these features.
doi:10.1259/dmfr/24726112
PMCID: PMC3611454  PMID: 21346078
ameloblastomas; keratocystic odontogenic tumours; logistic regression analysis; computed tomography
2.  Expression of PPARδ in multistage carcinogenesis of the colorectum: implications of malignant cancer morphology 
British Journal of Cancer  2006;95(7):889-895.
Whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ is a good target for the chemoprevention and/or treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) remains controversial. Our goal was to examine PPARδ expression in multistage carcinogenesis of the colorectum and to assess the relevance of PPARδ in CRC. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that PPARδ expression increased from normal mucosa to adenomatous polyps to CRC. In cancer tissues, the PPARδ protein was accumulated only in those cancer cells with highly malignant morphology, as represented by a large-sized nucleus, round-shaped nucleus, and presence of clear nucleoli. Interestingly, the cancer tissue often contained both PPARδ-positive and -negative areas, each retaining their respective specific morphological features. Moreover, this pattern persisted even when PPARδ-positive and -negative cells were aligned next to each other within a single cancer nest or gland and was present in the majority of CRC cases. Immunohistochemistry for Ki-67 proliferation marker showed no significant correlation between Ki-67 and PPARδ in CRC samples. Based on Western blot analysis and quantitative RT–PCR, high PPARδ protein expression correlated with high PPARδ mRNA levels. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ may have a supporting role in tumorigenesis, and the close association between PPARδ expression and malignant morphology of CRC cells suggests a pivotal role in cancer tissue.
doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6603343
PMCID: PMC2360534  PMID: 16969348
PPARδ; colorectal cancer; malignant morphology; β-catenin
3.  Retrograde temporal order amnesia resulting from damage to the fornix 
Some amnesic patients show an impairment of temporal order memory that cannot be accounted for by content memory deficits. The performance of an amnesic patient on memory tasks assessing the patient's content and temporal memories for remotely acquired material is described, after a lesion including the bilateral anterior fornix and adjacent anterior thalamus. The patient displayed a deficit in the temporal order tasks for remotely acquired information. Neither frontal cognitive deficits nor recognition deficits can account for this patient's poor temporal memory. This retrograde temporal order memory impairment without content memory deficits were not seen in previously reported thalamic amnesic patients. Accordingly, the present patient's poor retrograde temporal memory could hardly be explained by only a thalamic lesion. It is concluded that the patient's impairment of temporal order memory for the retrograde material is probably due to the direct disconnection between the frontal lobe and the hippocampus by disruption of the fornix.


PMCID: PMC1736448  PMID: 10369832
4.  Gene expression analysis of rheumatoid arthritis synovial lining regions by cDNA microarray combined with laser microdissection: up-regulation of inflammation-associated STAT1, IRF1, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 
Objectives
The main histological change in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the villous proliferation of synovial lining cells, an important source of cytokines and chemokines, which are associated with inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate gene expression in the microdissected synovial lining cells of RA patients, using those of osteoarthritis (OA) patients as the control.
Methods
Samples were obtained during total joint replacement from 11 RA and five OA patients. Total RNA from the synovial lining cells was derived from selected specimens by laser microdissection (LMD) for subsequent cDNA microarray analysis. In addition, the expression of significant genes was confirmed immunohistochemically.
Results
The 14 519 genes detected by cDNA microarray were used to compare gene expression levels in synovial lining cells from RA with those from OA patients. Cluster analysis indicated that RA cells, including low- and high-expression subgroups, and OA cells were stored in two main clusters. The molecular activity of RA was statistically consistent with its clinical and histological activity. Expression levels of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), and the chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 were statistically significantly higher in the synovium of RA than in that of OA. Immunohistochemically, the lining synovium of RA, but not that of OA, clearly expressed STAT1, IRF1, and chemokines, as was seen in microarray analysis combined with LMD.
Conclusions
Our findings indicate an important role for lining synovial cells in the inflammatory and proliferative processes of RA. Further understanding of the local signalling in structural components is important in rheumatology.
doi:10.3109/03009742.2011.623137
PMCID: PMC3400100  PMID: 22401175

Results 1-4 (4)