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1.  Anévrysme de l'artère hépatique révélé par une pancréatite - à propos d'un cas et revue de la literature 
Les anévrysmes de l'artère hépatique sont rares et pourvoyeurs de complications graves. La pancréatite est reste une mode de révélation inhabituel. À travers une observation d'un anévrysme de l'artère hépatique propre et les auteurs font une mise au point sur les anévrysmes de l'artère hépatique, les auteurs discutent le rôle de la chirurgie et le rétablissement du flux hépatique artériel dans le traitement de ces lésions vasculaires.
doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.18.324.5108
PMCID: PMC4250012  PMID: 25478045
Anévrysme; artère hépatique; chirurgie; embolisation; aneurysm; hepatic artery; surgery; embolization
2.  Paragangliome rétropéritonéal non secrétant: une cause rare d'occlusion intestinale haute 
Les paragangliomes sont des tumeurs neuroendocrines rares diagnostiquées le plus souvent chez le jeune adulte. Nous rapportons le cas rare d'une jeune femme de 20 ans présentant un paragangliome rétropéritonéal situé sur la face antérolatérale de l'aorte et comprimant l'angle duodéno-jéjunal responsable d'un syndrome subocclusif haut. Dans les formes non sécrétantes, la symptomatologie est souvent déroutante. Le diagnostic n'est généralement fait qu'après examen histologique de la pièce de résection. Le traitement de choix repose sur une chirurgie carcinologique intégrant une concertation multidisciplinaire.
doi:10.11604/pamj.2014.18.312.5140
PMCID: PMC4247906  PMID: 25469205
Paragangliome; tumeur rétropéritonéal; chirurgie; concertation multidisciplinaire; Paraganglioma; retroperitoneal tumor; surgery; multidisciplinary concertation
3.  Giant Malignant Cystic Pheochromocytoma: A Case Report 
The Indian Journal of Surgery  2012;74(6):504-506.
Cystic malignant pheochromocytomas are uncommon. Differing from solid pheochromocytomas, which produce catecholamines and present adrenergic syndrome, cystic pheochromocytomas, may not produce these. Preoperative diagnosis may be difficult. Ct scan is useful for preoperative management. In this report, we describe a case of a giant malignant cystic pheochromocytoma in a young woman (17 years old) which presented as giant abdominal mass. The malignancy was confirmed by the presence of liver metastasis. Two years after curative resection, the patient is in good health with no recurrence.
doi:10.1007/s12262-012-0719-x
PMCID: PMC3538001  PMID: 24293913
Neuroendocrine tumors; Malignant Pheochromocytoma; Adrenalectomy; Chemotherapy
4.  Giant Liposarcoma of the Omentum Mimicking an Ovarian Tumor. A Case Report  
The Indian Journal of Surgery  2012;74(5):425-427.
Liposarcomas are common soft tissue of the retroperitoneum and the limbs. They are rarely found in the greater omentum. Once in the peritoneum, these can become enormous and can be mistaken for ovarian mass. The authors report a case of giant omental liposarcoma revealed by an abdominal mass and genital prolapse due to the compression syndrome. A complete macroscopic resection of the omental tumour was performed. A post operative chemotherapy was also prescribed. A description of this clinical presentation in the preoperative assessment, the characteristics of this tumour, together with the use of adjuvant chemotherapy are discussed in this report.
doi:10.1007/s12262-012-0718-y
PMCID: PMC3477403  PMID: 24082602
Liposarcoma; Great omentum; Surgery; Chemotherapy
5.  Graves’ disease allied with multiple pheochromocytoma 
Pheochromocytoma is an uncommon cause of high blood pressure touching adults. The combination of severe hypertension in the triad of headache, sweating, and tachycardia should suggest this diagnosis; this clinical picture is similar to that of hyperthyroidism. We report the case of a 22-year-old patient with multiple pheochromocytoma associated with Graves’ disease revealed by malignant hypertension and discussed the difficulties of the diagnosis and the treatment approach.
doi:10.4103/2230-8210.109656
PMCID: PMC3683214  PMID: 23776912
Graves’ disease; multiple pheochromocytoma; pheochromocytoma; prognosis; treatment
6.  Right diaphragmatic iatrogenic hernia after laparoscopic fenestration of a liver cyst: report of a case and review of the literature 
Iatrogenic right diaphragmatic hernia is very rare. We report the first case of a patient who had a diaphragmatic hernia after laparoscopic fenestration of liver cyst. A herniorrhaphy of the diaphragmatic defect was carried out after reducing the herniated organ. The postoperative course was uneventful. Diaphragmatic hernias are not as common as the traumatic type. Surgeons can easily miss diaphragmatic injuries during the operation especially after laparoscopy. Late diagnosis of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernias is frequent. Ct scan is helpful for diagnosis. Surgery is the treatment of diaphragmatic hernia at the time of diagnosis, even with asymptomatic patients. The incidence of iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia after surgery may be reduced if the surgeon checks for the integrity of the diaphragm before the end of the operation. A review of the literature is also performed regarding this rare complication.
doi:10.1186/1749-7922-8-2
PMCID: PMC3544607  PMID: 23286877
Diaphragm injury; Iatrogenic right diaphragmatic hernia; Laparoscopic Fenestration of liver cyst; Central tendon of the diaphragm
7.  Pancreatic GIST with pancreas divisum: A new entity 
INTRODUCTION
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are uncommon intra-abdominal tumours. These tumours tend to arise with a higher frequency in the stomach and the small bowel. In fewer than 5% of cases, they originate primarily from extra-gastrointestinal tumours (EGISTs). Gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the pancreas is very rare. Only few cases have been published. We report the first case of stromal tumour of the pancreas with concomitant pancreas divisum.
PRESENTATION OF CASE
A 39-year-old male who presented with constipation and abdominal pain. A computerized tomography demonstrated a 9 cm pancreatic mass, without liver lesions. A Whipple procedure with segmental colectomy was performed with success. After 24 months follow up, the patient is doing well and disease-free.
DISCUSSION
Mesenchymal tumours of the pancreas are extremely rare, accounting for less than 1% of all pancreatic tumours. The endoscopic ultrasound is helpful for diagnosis. Surgical resection with negative pathologic margins remains the treatment of choice.
CONCLUSION
in our knowledge, this is the first case of pancreatic GIST with pancreas divisum. Although pancreatic GISTs are uncommon tumours, they must be considered in the differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic lesions. Even though the tumour can be evaluated as high risk, treatment must be aggressive in order to improve survival rate.
doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2012.09.007
PMCID: PMC3537933  PMID: 23123418
EGITs; Pancreas; Whipple procedure; Pancreas divisum
8.  Giant Trichobezoar of Duodenojejunal Flexure: A Rare Entity 
Bezoars are concretions of undigested material in the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly in the stomach. Duodenojejunal localization of bezoars is exceptional. We report a case of a 27-year-old woman who experienced nausea, vomiting and severe abdominal pain for one week. By palpation a mobile and sensitive mass, 15 × 15 cm, was detected, which filled the upper quadrant. Results of gastric endoscopy were normal. X-ray and ultrasonography suggested a bezoar. A laparotomy revealed that the jejunum was fissured by the trichobezoar ball. This trichobezoar mass was totally excised by intestinal resection.
Conclusion:
To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of duodenojejunal fissuration caused by trichobezoar in an adult. Among patients with high subocclusif syndrome, duodenojejunal bezoar should remain a possibility in differential diagnosis.
doi:10.4103/1319-3767.65198
PMCID: PMC3003208  PMID: 20616419
Duodenojejunal flexure; intestinal partial obstruction; surgery; trichobezoar
9.  Patient satisfaction in an acute medicine department in Morocco 
Background
Patients' satisfaction is an important indicator for quality of care. Measuring healthcare quality and improving patient satisfaction have become increasingly prevalent, especially among healthcare providers and purchasers of healthcare. This is mainly due to the fact that consumers are becoming increasingly more knowledgeable about healthcare. No studies of inpatients' satisfaction with hospital care have been conducted in Morocco. The first objective of the present study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Arabic version of the EQS-H (Echelle de Qualité des Soins en Hospitalisation). The second objective was to evaluate patient satisfaction in an acute medicine department in Morocco by using the EQS-H questionnaire; and also to assess the influence of certain demographics, socioeconomics, and health characteristics in patient satisfaction.
Methods
it was a patient survey conducted in an acute medicine department of a Moroccan University Hospital. We surveyed their socio demographic status, and health characteristics at admission. We performed structured face to face interviews with patients who were discharged from hospital. The core of the EQS-H questionnaire was translated to Arabic, adapted to the present setting, and then used to measure patient satisfaction with quality of care. The internal consistency of the EQS-H scale was assessed by Chronbach's coefficient alpha. Validity was assessed by factor analysis. Factors influencing inpatients' satisfaction were identified using multiple linear regression.
Results
The Arabic version of EQS-H demonstrated an excellent internal consistency for the two dimensions studied (0.889 for 'quality of medical information' (MI) and 0.906 for 'Relationship with staff and daily routine' (RS)). The principal component analysis confirmed the bidimensional structure of the questionnaire and explained 60% of the total variance. In the univariate analysis, urban residence, higher income, better perceived health status compared to admission, better perceived health status compared to people of the same age, and satisfaction with life in general were related to MI dimension; Otherwise, mal gender, urban residence, higher income, staying in double room, better perceived health status compared to admission, and satisfaction with life in general were related to RS dimension. The multiple linear regression showed that four independent variables were associated with higher satisfaction in MI: More than 2 prior hospitalizations, a longer length of stay (10-14 days) (P = 0.002), staying in double room (P = 0.022), and better perceived health status compared to admission (P = 0.036). Three independent variables were associated with higher satisfaction in RS: a longer length of stay (10-14 days) (P = 0.017), better perceived health status compared to admission day (P = 0.013), and satisfaction with life in general (P = 0.006).
Conclusions
Our current data assessing patient satisfaction with acute health care by the Arabic version of the EQS-H showed that the satisfaction rate was average on MI dimension; and good on RS dimension of the questionnaire. The majority of participants were satisfied with the overall care. Demographic, socioeconomic, and health characteristics may influence in-patients satisfaction in Morocco, a low/middle income country. An appreciation and understanding of these factors is essential to develop socio culturally appropriate interventions in order to improve satisfaction of patients.
doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-149
PMCID: PMC2900260  PMID: 20525170

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