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author:("Shah, sonar A")
1.  Structure of the Yersinia pestis FabV enoyl-ACP reductase and its interaction with two novel 2-pyridone inhibitors 
Structure(London, England:1993)  2012;20(1):89-100.
Summary
The newly discovered FabV enoyl-ACP reductase, which catalyzes the last step of the bacterial fatty acid biosynthesis (FAS-II) pathway, is a promising but unexploited drug target against the re-emerging pathogen Yersinia pestis. The structure of the Y. pestis FabV in complex with its cofactor reveals that the enzyme features the common architecture of the short chain dehydrogenase reductase superfamily, but contains additional structural elements which are mostly folded around the usually flexible substrate binding loop, thereby stabilizing it in a very tight conformation that seals the active site. The structures of FabV in complex with NADH and two newly developed 2-pyridone inhibitors provide first insights for the development of new lead compounds, and suggest a mechanism by which the substrate binding-loop opens to admit the inhibitor, a motion that could also be coupled to the interaction of FabV with the acyl-carrier-protein substrate.
doi:10.1016/j.str.2011.07.019
PMCID: PMC3361726  PMID: 22244758
2.  Differential Matrix Metalloproteinase Levels in Adenocarcinoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Lung 
Objective
The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been implicated in the aggressive course of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, there are a large number of MMP subtypes with diverse proteolytic substrates and different induction pathways. This study tested the hypothesis that a differential MMP profile would exist between NSCLC and normal lung and that MMP patterns would differ between NSCLC histologic type.
Methods
NSCLC samples and remote normal samples were obtained from patients with stage I or II NSCLC with either squamous cell (n=22) or adenocarcinoma (n=19) histology. Absolute concentrations for each of the MMP subclasses; collagenases (MMP-1, 8, -13), gelatinases (MMP-2,-9), lysins (MMP-2, -7) and elastase (MMP-12) were determined by a calibrated and validated multiplex suspension array.
Results
Overall, MMP levels were significantly increased in NSCLC compared to normal. For example, MMP-1 and MMP-7 increased by approximately 10 fold in NSCLC (p<0.05). Moreover, a different MMP portfolio was observed between NSCLC histologic types. For example MMP-1,-8,-9 and -12 increased by over 4-fold in squamous cell versus adenocarcinoma (p<0.05). In those patients who recurred within 3 years of resection, 3-fold higher levels of MMP-8 and -9 were observed (p<0.05).
Conclusion
Increased levels of a number of MMP types occur with NSCLC, but the MMP profile was distinctly different between histologic types and in those patients with recurrence. These different MMP profiles may be important in the mechanistic basis for the natural history of different NSCLC types, as well as identifying potential prognostic and therapeutic targets.
doi:10.1016/j.jtcvs.2009.12.016
PMCID: PMC2844342  PMID: 20304142
matrix metalloproteinases; lung cancer; multiplex; recurrence

Results 1-2 (2)