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1.  Application of Gum Elastic Bougie to Nasal Intubation 
Anesthesia Progress  2010;57(3):112-113.
Gum elastic bougie (GEB), a useful device for difficult airway management, has seldom been used for nasotracheal intubation. Among 632 patients undergoing dental procedures or oral surgery, GEB was used successfully in 16 patients in whom conventional nasal intubation had failed because of anatomical problems or maldirection of the tip of the tracheal tube. We recommend that GEB should be applied from the first attempt for nasal intubation in patients with difficult airways.
PMCID: PMC3315278  PMID: 20843227
Gum elastic bougie; Nasal intubation; Difficult intubation
2.  Comparison of Tracheal Diameter Measured by Chest X-Ray and by Computed Tomography 
Assessments of tracheal diameter (TD) are important to select proper endotracheal tubes. Previous studies have used X-ray and physical indices to estimate tracheal diameter but these may not reflect the actual TD. We compared TD measured by X-ray (TD-XP) and by computer tomography (TD-CT) in 200 patients. Also, we analyzed correlation of TD-CT with physical indices such as age, height, weight, and BMI. TD-XP and TD-CT were significantly correlated (male: n = 55, P = .0146; female: n = 91, P = .001). TD-XP was 0.4 mm wider in male and 1.0 mm wider in female than TD-CT. However, correlation coefficients of TD-XP and TD-CT are very weak (male: r = 0.36; female: r = 0.653). TD-CT did not correlate with age, height, weight, or BMI. Our findings suggest that correlations of TD-XP and TD are statistically significant but not clinically significant. Physical indices are not useful to estimate TD.
doi:10.1155/2010/269171
PMCID: PMC2933862  PMID: 20827310
3.  Perioperative Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea With Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure 
Anesthesia Progress  2008;55(4):121-123.
The high risks associated with general anesthesia in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients have been reported. Many authors have suggested that the intraoperative administration of opioids and sedatives should be limited or avoided because these drugs selectively impair muscle activity in the upper airway. We report the case of an OSAS patient who was managed with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) and treated safely in spite of the use of conventional anesthetic and analgesic agents typically used for patients without OSAS. She had little pain during the perioperative period. It is suggested that NCPAP is an effective treatment for not only preventing airway obstructive apnea but for allowing the administration of anesthetic and analgesic drugs without major complications.
doi:10.2344/0003-3006-55.4.121
PMCID: PMC2614650  PMID: 19108596
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; NCPAP; Perioperative management

Results 1-3 (3)