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1.  Renal carcinoid tumor: An immunohistochemical and molecular genetic study of four cases 
Oncology Letters  2010;1(1):87-90.
Few genetic studies of renal carcinoid tumor have been conducted thus far. We performed immunohistochemical and genetic examinations on four renal carcinoid tumors. Histologically, the tumors consisted of neoplastic cells with round to oval nuclei. Various growth patterns such as tightly packed cords and trabeculae, ribbon-like, trabecular, sheet-like or solid growth were observed. Nuclear chromatin showed a coarse and granular pattern. Immunohistochemically, tumors were positive for chromogranin A and synaptophysin. In the fluorescence in situ hybridization study, three of four tumors revealed monosomy of chromosome 3 (D3Z1), but one tumor showed monosomy of chromosome 13 (D13S319/13q34). Using PCR amplification and fragment analysis of three microsatellite markers (D3S1300, D3S666 and D3S1768) of chromosome arm 3p, one tumor showed loss of heterozygosity at D3S1300 and D3S1768, one tumor was not informative and the analysis of two tumors failed due to low DNA quality. In three cases, the VHL gene status was tested. Two tumors showed wild-type, but the analysis of one tumor failed to provide adequate results. In conclusion, we suggest that the abnormality of chromosome 3 is involved in the pathogenesis of renal carcinoid tumor.
PMCID: PMC3436420  PMID: 22966261
renal carcinoid tumor; fluorescence in situ hybridization; chromosome 3; VHL gene; 3p LOH
2.  Pigmented villonodular synovitis originating from the lumbar facet joint: a case report 
European Spine Journal  2007;16(Suppl 3):301-305.
The authors successfully treated a rare case of pigmented villonodular synovitis (PVNS) that originated from the lumbar facet joint (L4-5). A 43-year-old man presented with a complaint of left severe sciatica causing difficulty in walking. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated an extradural mass on the left side at L4 and the mass compressed the dural tube and was continuous with the left L4-5 facet joint. A computed tomography myelogram revealed an extradural defect of contrast medium at the L4 level and an erosion of the L4 lamina. A total synovectomy with unilateral osteoplastic laminectomy was performed. The histological findings were a diagnosis of PVNS. The patient’s symptoms resolved completely and the MRI at postoperative 3 years demonstrated no recurrence of PVNS. It is important to totally remove the synovium, which is the origin of PVNS in order to prevent the recurrence. We think that our procedure is reasonable and adequate for lumbar PVNS.
PMCID: PMC2148097  PMID: 17566795
Pigmented villonodular synovitis; Lumbar spine; Synovectomy; Juxtafacet cyst; Laminoplasty

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