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1.  Visual recognition memory differentiates dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia 
Objective
To compare cognitive impairments in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) and Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD), to discriminate between the two entities.
Methods
10 DLB and 12 PDD consecutive patients performed a neuropsychological battery designed to assess several cognitive domains: verbal and visual memory (Delayed Matching to Sample (DMS)‐48), language, gnosia, praxia and executive functions.
Results
DLB patients had poorer performances in orientation (p<0.05), Trail Making Test A (p<0.05) and reading of names of colours in the Stroop Test (p<0.05). Their scores were also lower in the visual object recognition memory test (DMS‐48), in both immediate (p<0.05) and delayed recognition (p<0.05). No differences were observed in the other tests.
Conclusion
Despite global similarities in cognitive performances between DLB and PDD patients, we observed important differences: in particular, DMS‐48, a test of visual object recognition memory and visual storage capacity, was poorer in DLB patients.
doi:10.1136/jnnp.2006.104257
PMCID: PMC2117680  PMID: 17287240
2.  The inhibitory effects of Disabled-2 (Dab2) on Wnt signaling are mediated through Axin 
Oncogene  2007;27(13):1865-1875.
β-Catenin-mediated Wnt signaling is essential in embryonic development and in adult tissues. Recent studies have demonstrated that Axin not only plays an important inhibitory role in coordinating β-catenin degradation, but is itself degraded by the low-density-lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP)5/6 Wnt co-receptor. Here, we demonstrate that the endocytic adaptor molecule Disabled-2 (Dab2), which we have previously demonstrated to act as an inhibitor of β-catenin signaling, interacts with Axin and prevents its interaction with and degradation by the LRP5 co-receptor, thereby increasing its half-life and stabilization. Dab2 levels induced during retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9, or during transforming growth factor-β-induced epithelial–mesenchymal transdifferentiation of mouse mammary epithelial cells result in the stabilization of Axin and concomitant inhibition of β-catenin signaling. Ectopic expression of Dab2 in F9 cells as well as in transformed cell lines results in increased Axin expression and attenuation of Wnt-mediated signaling. We conclude that Dab2 may play an important role in the maintenance of the differentiated state and restrain Wnt-mediated proliferation through its association with and modulation of Axin.
doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1210829
PMCID: PMC2810718  PMID: 17922036
Disabled-2 (Dab2); Axin; Wnt; β-catenin; differentiation

Results 1-2 (2)