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1.  Overview of Avicenna (Ibn Sina) Opinion on Stomach Swelling 
doi:10.5812/ircmj.21350
PMCID: PMC4270677  PMID: 25593735
Stomach; Edema; Medicine, Traditional; Iran
2.  Liver Transplant Recipients Quality of Life Instrument: Development and Psychometric Testing 
Hepatitis Monthly  2013;13(10):e9701.
Background
Liver transplantation is a life-saving intervention for many patients with end-stage liver disease. In the past, evaluation of successful liver transplantation was based on patients’ survival rate. However, in recent years this evaluation has been based on patients’ quality of life. Various instruments have been developed to evaluate patients’ quality of life. Nonetheless, scholars still believe that it is crucial to develop a standardized and disease specific instrument for evaluating the quality of life in liver transplant recipients.
Objectives
The aim of this paper was to describe the development and psychometric testing process of a quality of life instrument specific to liver transplant recipients.
Materials and Methods
Initial items of this instrument were extracted from a conventional content analysis study, and then were completed with findings of related international literature. The face validity was assessed by interviewing with four liver transplant recipients, and the content validity was evaluated by eleven experts in the field of transplantation. The construct validity was achieved by involving 250 liver transplant recipients through exploratory factor analysis method, and reliability was calculated by Cronbach's alpha.
Results
Three main factors with 40 items were extracted from the exploratory factor analysis: Health Satisfaction, Concerns, and Complications. Reliability of the instrument was confirmed (alpha = 0.922).
Conclusions
Given the special considerations regarding liver transplant recipients, this questionnaire is more accurate in evaluating the success of liver transplantation.
doi:10.5812/hepatmon.9701
PMCID: PMC3842516  PMID: 24348643
Liver Transplantation; Quality of Life; Questionnaire
3.  Assessing Awareness Level about Warning Signs of Cancer and its Determinants in an Iranian General Population 
The present study was aimed at investigating the awareness level about warning signs of cancer and its determinants in an Iranian general population. This cross-sectional interview-based survey investigated 2,500 people aged 18 years and over, as a representative sample of Tehran population. Latent class regression was applied for analyzing data. A small (18.8%) proportion of the respondents had high level of knowledge, and 54.5% had moderate awareness, and 26.7% had low level of awareness. Most effective predictors for awareness were educational attainment, sex, and marital status. The findings suggest that the overall level of knowledge about warning signs of cancer among the public is low, particularly about some specific signs. Accordingly, educational and intervention programmes, with special attention placed on particular at-risk populations, to increase awareness about the disease leading to its early diagnosis are needed.
PMCID: PMC3259730  PMID: 22283041
Awareness; Cancer; Cross-sectional studies; Health education; Neoplasms; Public education; Signs and symptoms; Iran

Results 1-3 (3)