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1.  Oral health literacy comparisons between Indigenous Australians and American Indians 
Community dental health  2013;30(1):52-57.
Objectives
To compare oral health literacy (OHL) levels between two profoundly disadvantaged groups, Indigenous Australians and American Indians, and to explore differences in socio-demographic, dental service utilisation, self-reported oral health indicators, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) correlates of OHL among the above.
Methods
OHL was measured using REALD-30 among convenience samples of 468 Indigenous Australians (aged 17–72 years, 63% female) and 254 female American Indians (aged 18–57 years). Covariates included socio-demography, dental utilisation, self-reported oral health status (OHS), perceived treatment needs and OHRQoL (prevalence, severity and extent of OHIP-14 ‘impacts’). Descriptive and bivariate methods were used for data presentation and analysis, and between-sample comparisons relied upon empirical contrasts of sample-specific estimates and correlation coefficients.
Results
OHL scores were: Indigenous Australians - 15.0 (95% CL=14.2, 15.8) and American Indians - 13.7 (95% CL=13.1, 14.4). In both populations, OHL strongly correlated with educational attainment, and was lower among participants with infrequent dental attendance and perceived restorative treatment needs. A significant inverse association between OHL and prevalence of OHRQoL impacts was found among American Indians (rho=−0.23; 95% CL=−0.34, −0.12) but not among Indigenous Australians.
Conclusions
Our findings indicate that OHL levels were comparable between the two groups and lower compared to previously reported estimates among diverse populations. Although the patterns of association of OHL with most examined domains of correlates were similar between the two groups, this study found evidence of heterogeneity in the domains of self-reported OHS and OHRQoL.
PMCID: PMC3709981  PMID: 23550508
oral health literacy; oral health; Indigenous populations; Australian Indigenous; Native American; American Indian; quality of life
2.  Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating a Program to Address the Oral Health Needs of Aboriginal Children in Port Augusta, Australia 
Aboriginal Australian children experience profound oral health disparities relative to their non-Aboriginal counterparts. In response to community concerns regarding Aboriginal child oral health in the regional town of Port Augusta, South Australia, a child dental health service was established within a Community Controlled Aboriginal Health Service. A partnership approach was employed with the key aims of (1) quantifying rates of dental service utilisation, (2) identifying factors influencing participation, and (3) planning and establishing a program for delivery of Aboriginal children's dental services that would increase participation and adapt to community needs. In planning the program, levels of participation were quantified and key issues identified through semistructured interviews. After 3.5 years, the participation rate for dental care among the target population increased from 53 to 70 percent. Key areas were identified to encourage further improvements and ensure sustainability in Aboriginal child oral health in this regional location.
doi:10.1155/2012/496236
PMCID: PMC3346980  PMID: 22577401
3.  Adenovirus DNA polymerase: domain organisation and interaction with preterminal protein. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1998;26(5):1240-1247.
Adenovirus DNA polymerase is one of three viral proteins and two cellular proteins required for replication of the adenovirus genome. During initiation of viral DNA synthesis the viral DNA polymerase transfers dCMP onto the adenovirus preterminal protein, to which it is tightly bound. The domain structure of the 140 kDa DNA polymerase has been probed by partial proteolysis and the sites of proteolytic cleavage determined by N-terminal sequencing. At least four domains can be recognised within the DNA polymerase. Adenovirus preterminal protein interacts with three of the four proteolytically derived domains. This was confirmed by cloning and expression of each of the individual domains. These data indicate that, like other members of the pol alpha family of DNA polymerases, the adenovirus DNA polymerase has a multidomain structure and that interaction with preterminal protein takes place with non-contiguous regions of the polypeptide chain over a large surface area of the viral DNA polymerase.
PMCID: PMC147410  PMID: 9469832

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