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1.  Highly bright X-ray generator using heat of fusion with a specially designed rotating anticathode 
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation  2008;15(Pt 3):231-234.
A very compact X-ray generator, 4.3 times more brilliant than can be attained by a conventional rotating-anticathode X-ray generator, has been developed using a U-shaped rotating anticathode and a high-flux electron gun with focusing bending magnet.
A new type of rotating anticathode X-ray generator has been developed, in which the electron beam irradiates the inner surface of a U-shaped anticathode (Cu). A high-flux electron beam is focused on the inner surface by optimizing the shape of the bending magnet. The power of the electron beam can be increased to the point at which the irradiated part of the inner surface is melted, because a strong centrifugal force fixes the melted part on the inner surface. When the irradiated part is melted, a large amount of energy is stored as the heat of fusion, resulting in emission of X-rays 4.3 times more brilliant than can be attained by a conventional rotating anticathode. Oscillating translation of the irradiated position on the inner surface during use is expected to be very advantageous for extending the target life. A carbon film coating on the inner surface is considered to suppress evaporation of the target metal and will be an important technique in further realization of highly bright X-ray generation.
doi:10.1107/S0909049508003993
PMCID: PMC2394780  PMID: 18421146
bright X-ray generators; U-shape anticathodes; heat of fusion; target life extension; low emittance; DC/pulse guns; focusing bending magnets
2.  Is it true that PMX-DHP can improve lung oxygenation? 
Critical Care  2003;7(Suppl 2):P217.
doi:10.1186/cc2106
PMCID: PMC3301662
4.  Analysis of human herpes virus-6 genomes in lymphoid malignancy in Japan. 
Journal of Clinical Pathology  1993;46(12):1137-1138.
Ninety cases of malignant lymphoma and 56 cases of reactive lymphadenopathy were studied using Southern blot analysis and the polymerase chain reaction to identify human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) DNA. This was detected in cases of lymphoid malignancy at a rate which ranged from 50.0% to 68.8%. There were no differences in rates for different types of lymphoid malignancies. Herpes virus-6 DNA was detected by PCR in lymphoid malignancies less frequently than in reactive lymphadenopathies. It was not detected in lymphoid malignancies using Southern blotting. These results suggest that HHV-6 DNA was not related to lymphoid malignancy and was only a latent infection of non-neoplastic cells in tumour tissue.
PMCID: PMC501730  PMID: 8282842
5.  The 3' ends of tRNA-derived short interspersed repetitive elements are derived from the 3' ends of long interspersed repetitive elements. 
Molecular and Cellular Biology  1996;16(7):3756-3764.
Short interspersed repetitive elements (SINEs) are a type of retroposon, being members of a class of informational molecules that are amplified via cDNA intermediates and flow back into the host genome. In contrast to retroviruses and retrotransposons, SINEs do not encode the enzymes required for their amplification, such as reverse transcriptases, so they are presumed to borrow these enzymes from other sources. In the present study, we isolated a family of long interspersed repetitive elements (LINEs) from the turtle genome. The sequence of this family was found to be very similar to those of the avian CR1 family. To our surprise, the sequence at the 3' end of the LINE in the turtle genome was nearly identical to that of a family of tortoise SINEs. Since CR1-like LINEs are widespread in birds and in many other reptiles, including the turtle, and since the tortoise SINEs are only found in vertical-necked turtles, it seems possible that the sequence at the 3' end of the tortoise SINEs might have been generated by recombination with the CR1-like LINE in a common ancestor of vertical-necked turtles, after the divergence of side-necked turtles. We extended our observations to show that the 3'-end sequences of families of several tRNA-derived SINEs, such as the salmonid HpaI family, the tobacco TS family, and the salmon SmaI family, might have originated from the respective LINEs. Since it appears reasonable that the recognition sites of LINEs for reverse transcriptase are located within their 3'-end sequences, these results provide the basis for a general scheme for the mechanism by which SINEs might acquire retropositional activity. We propose here that tRNA-derived SINEs might have been generated by a recombination event in which a strong-stop DNA with a primer tRNA, which is an intermediate in the replication of certain retroviruses and long terminal repeat retrotransposons, was directly integrated at the 3' end of a LINE.
PMCID: PMC231371  PMID: 8668192
6.  Demonstration of the Epstein-Barr genome by the polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridisation in a patient with viral pericarditis. 
British Heart Journal  1993;69(6):563-564.
A 42 year old man admitted with effusive-constrictive pericarditis had diastolic dysfunction and pericardial thickening. Pericardiectomy was performed because of uncontrolled heart failure. The Epstein-Barr viral IgG antibody titre was exceptionally high. The EB viral genome was demonstrated in the resected pericardium by polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridisation. EB viral pericarditis was diagnosed.
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PMCID: PMC1025173  PMID: 8393686
7.  Linear antigenic regions of the structural proteins of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays using synthetic peptides as antigens. 
Journal of Clinical Microbiology  1992;30(2):287-290.
We synthesized 46 sequential peptides 21 to 39 amino acids long over the structural protein of human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I; the p19 and p24 gag protein and the gp46 and p20E env proteins) and tested their reactivities against antibodies in sera from HTLV-I healthy carriers and patients diagnosed as having human T-cell leukemia-lymphoma (ATLL) and myelopathy (HAM) by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Of the 46 synthetic peptides, 18 peptides (2 corresponding to the p19 gag protein, 2 corresponding to the p24 gag protein, 8 corresponding to the gp46 env protein, and 6 corresponding to the p20E env protein) reacted with antibodies in the sera from HTLV-I healthy carriers. In particular, the peptides comprising amino acids 100 to 119 and 119 to 130 of the gag and 175 to 199, 213 to 236, 253 to 282, and 288 to 317 of the env proteins reacted with antibodies in sera from more than 30% of HTLV-I healthy carriers. These peptides also showed high reactivities to the antibodies in the sera from patients with ATLL and HAM. The results indicate that the predominant antigenic regions of the structural protein of HTLV-I were located at the C-terminal end of the p19 gag protein and the C-terminal half of the gp46 env protein, and the corresponding peptides proved to be useful antigens in detecting antibodies in the sera from individuals infected with HTLV-I.
PMCID: PMC265047  PMID: 1537894
8.  The adenovirus type 12 early-region 1B 58,000-Mr gene product is required for viral DNA synthesis and for initiation of cell transformation. 
Journal of Virology  1986;57(3):792-801.
An E1B 58K mutant of adenovirus type 12 (Ad12), dl207, was constructed by the deletion of 852 base pairs in the E1B 58K coding region. The mutant could grow efficiently in 293E1 cells but not in HeLa, KB, or human embryo kidney (HEK) cells. Viral DNA replication of dl207 was not detected in HeLa and KB cells and was seldom detected in HEK cells. Analysis of viral DNA synthesis in vitro showed that the Ad12-DNA-protein complex replicated by using the nuclear extract from Ad12 wild-type (WT)-infected HeLa cells but not by using the nuclear extract from dl207-infected cells. In dl207-infected HeLa and KB cells, early mRNAs were detected, but late mRNAs were not detected. The mutant induced fewer transformed foci than the WT in rat 3Y1 cells. Cells transformed by dl207 could grow efficiently in fluid medium, form colonies in soft agar culture, and induce tumors in rats transplanted with the transformed cells at the same efficiency as WT-transformed cells. Tumors were induced in hamsters injected with WT virions but were not induced in hamsters injected with dl207 virions. The results indicate that the E1B 58K protein is required both for viral DNA replication in productive infection and for initiation of cell transformation, but not for maintenance of the transformed phenotype.
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PMCID: PMC252807  PMID: 2936899
9.  An insertion mutation in the adenovirus type 12 early region 1A 13S mRNA unique region. 
Journal of Virology  1986;57(2):490-496.
An adenovirus type 12 mutant, in203S, was constructed to contain an insertion of two amino acids in the early region 1A (E1A) 13S mRNA-coding region and in the E1A 12S mRNA intron. in203S could not grow in HeLa and KB cells. Virus DNA replication was scarcely detected at a low multiplicity of infection, but was detected at a high multiplicity of infection. The transcription of early genes other than E1A was not detected at 13 h after infection, but became detectable after longer incubation. The transcription of the E1A gene was also reduced to about one-fifth of the wild-type level. The mutant induced fewer foci of smaller sizes than the wild type in rat 3Y1 and secondary rat kidney cells. The induction of cellular DNA synthesis was reduced in rat 3Y1 cells infected with in203S as compared with that in wild type-infected cells. These results show that the E1A 13S mRNA-derived polypeptide of adenovirus type 12 is required for activation of early genes, cell transformation, and induction of cellular DNA synthesis.
Images
PMCID: PMC252761  PMID: 2935643
10.  Gene expression analysis of rheumatoid arthritis synovial lining regions by cDNA microarray combined with laser microdissection: up-regulation of inflammation-associated STAT1, IRF1, CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 
Objectives
The main histological change in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the villous proliferation of synovial lining cells, an important source of cytokines and chemokines, which are associated with inflammation. The aim of this study was to evaluate gene expression in the microdissected synovial lining cells of RA patients, using those of osteoarthritis (OA) patients as the control.
Methods
Samples were obtained during total joint replacement from 11 RA and five OA patients. Total RNA from the synovial lining cells was derived from selected specimens by laser microdissection (LMD) for subsequent cDNA microarray analysis. In addition, the expression of significant genes was confirmed immunohistochemically.
Results
The 14 519 genes detected by cDNA microarray were used to compare gene expression levels in synovial lining cells from RA with those from OA patients. Cluster analysis indicated that RA cells, including low- and high-expression subgroups, and OA cells were stored in two main clusters. The molecular activity of RA was statistically consistent with its clinical and histological activity. Expression levels of signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1), interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), and the chemokines CXCL9, CXCL10, and CCL5 were statistically significantly higher in the synovium of RA than in that of OA. Immunohistochemically, the lining synovium of RA, but not that of OA, clearly expressed STAT1, IRF1, and chemokines, as was seen in microarray analysis combined with LMD.
Conclusions
Our findings indicate an important role for lining synovial cells in the inflammatory and proliferative processes of RA. Further understanding of the local signalling in structural components is important in rheumatology.
doi:10.3109/03009742.2011.623137
PMCID: PMC3400100  PMID: 22401175

Results 1-10 (10)