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1.  Genome digestion is a dispensable consequence of physiological cell death mediated by cytotoxic T lymphocytes. 
Molecular and Cellular Biology  1992;12(7):3060-3069.
We examined virally transformed murine fibroblast clones as targets for cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-triggered lysis and genome digestion. Strikingly, while all clones were essentially equivalent in the ability to be lysed, one clone, SV3T3-B2.1, failed to exhibit genome digestion associated with CTL attack. Other aspects of the physiological cell death process, including loss of adhesion and nuclear envelope breakdown (lamin phosphorylation and solubilization), were not altered in this clone. The absence of genome digestion associated with CTL-induced cell death correlated with the absence of endodeoxyribonuclease activity in the nuclei of that clone. Characterization of the activity affected identifies a calcium-dependent, DNase I-like endonuclease of approximately 40 kDa, normally present constitutively in all cell nuclei, as the enzyme responsible for genome digestion associated with CTL-mediated cell death. These observations indicate that neither genome digestion per se nor its consequences [such as activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase] are essential for cell death resulting from the triggering of this cell suicide process.
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PMCID: PMC364520  PMID: 1620115
2.  Analysis of substrate specificity of the PaeR7 endonuclease: effect of base methylation on the kinetics of cleavage. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1990;18(17):5063-5068.
In murine cells expressing the PaeR7 endonuclease and methylase genes, the recognition sites (CTCGAG) of these enzymes can be methylated at the adenine residue by the PaeR7 methylase and at the internal cytosine by the mouse DNA methyltransferase. Using nonadecameric duplex deoxyoligonucleotide substrates, the specificity of the PaeR7 endonuclease for unmethylated, hemi-methylated, and fully methylated N6-methyladenine (m6A) and C5-methylcytosine (m5C) versions of these substrates has been studied. The Km, Kcat, and Ki values for these model substrates have been measured and suggest that fully or hemi-m6A-methylated PaeR7 sites in the murine genome are completely protected. However, the reactivity of fully or hemi-m5C-methylated PaeR7 sites is depressed 2900- and 100-fold respectively, compared to unmodified PaeR7 sites. The implications of the kinetic constants of the PaeR7 endonuclease for these methylated recognition sites as they occur in murine cells expressing this endonuclease gene are discussed.
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PMCID: PMC332124  PMID: 2402435
3.  Introduction and expression of the bacterial PaeR7 restriction endonuclease gene in mouse cells containing the PaeR7 methylase. 
Nucleic Acids Research  1988;16(24):11489-11506.
To study the factors essential for a functional restriction system, the PaeR7 restriction-modification system has been introduced and expressed in murine cells. Transfer of this system was accomplished in two steps. First, cells containing sufficient PaeR7 methylase to completely methylate the mouse genome were constructed. In the second step, the mouse metallothionein promoter-regulated, endonuclease expression vector linked to the hygromycin B resistance selection marker was used to transfect the high methylase-expressing cells. Sixty percent of the clones isolated contained PaeR7 endonuclease enzymatic activity. Transfected cells expressing both methylase and endonuclease were incapable of blocking infection by DNA viruses, and possible explanations are discussed.
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PMCID: PMC339060  PMID: 2850539

Results 1-3 (3)