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1.  Public health informatics: a CDC course for public health program managers. 
Information science and technology are critical to the modern practice of public health. Yet today's public health professionals generally have no formal training in public health informatics--the application of information science and technology to public health practice and research. Responding to this need, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently developed, tested, and delivered a new training course in public health informatics. The course was designed for experienced public health program managers and included sessions on general informatics principles and concepts; key information systems issues and information technologies; and management issues as they relate to information technology projects. This course has been enthusiastically received both at the state and federal levels. We plan to develop an abbreviated version for health officers, administrators, and other public health executives.
PMCID: PMC2232102  PMID: 9929264
2.  CDC WONDER on the Web. 
CDC WONDER, an information system developed at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), provides access to 26 text and numeric databases, and special facilities for surveillance, through an architecture developed for public health. We report extensions of the original architecture that allowed us to create a Web version (
PMCID: PMC2232915  PMID: 8947698
5.  The emergency department in surveillance of attempted suicide: findings and methodologic considerations. 
Public Health Reports  1993;108(3):323-331.
The authors conducted one of the first active, population-based public health surveillance systems for detecting suicide attempts in the United States. Surveillance was conducted in all four hospital emergency departments serving a county suburban to Atlanta, GA, with a population of 426,000. Emergency department staff gathered information from all patients who presented with an intentionally self-inflicted injury (suicide attempt) or with thoughts about self-injury (suicidal ideation). During an 18-month period in 1988 and 1989, 798 suicide attempt-related patients were reported, for a rate of 124.7 per 100,000 county residents per year. Females had a higher attempted suicide rate than males, but males had a higher completed suicide rate. Ingestion of drugs or poison was the most common method of attempted suicide (71.1 percent), and use of firearms was the most common method of completed suicide (69.8 percent). In comparing reported cases with those found by reviewing emergency department log books, the authors found that the case reports were 58 percent complete and that surveillance reporting was highly representative of all cases requiring emergency transport. The authors conclude that emergency department-based surveillance for attempted suicide is feasible. It can provide representative data that may be used to monitor trends in attempted suicide and to define high-risk groups. Such surveillance may also allow timely detection of suicide attempt clusters, facilitating prompt intervention.
PMCID: PMC1403383  PMID: 8497570

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