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1.  Hepatocyte Growth Factor Switches Orientation of Polarity and Mode of Movement during Morphogenesis of Multicellular Epithelial Structures 
Molecular Biology of the Cell  2003;14(2):748-763.
Epithelial cells form monolayers of polarized cells with apical and basolateral surfaces. Madin-Darby canine kidney epithelial cells transiently lose their apico-basolateral polarity and become motile by treatment with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), which causes the monolayer to remodel into tubules. HGF induces cells to produce basolateral extensions. Cells then migrate out of the monolayer to produce chains of cells, which go on to form tubules. Herein, we have analyzed the molecular mechanisms underlying the production of extensions and chains. We find that cells switch from an apico-basolateral polarization in the extension stage to a migratory cell polarization when in chains. Extension formation requires phosphatidyl-inositol 3-kinase activity, whereas Rho kinase controls their number and length. Microtubule dynamics and cell division are required for the formation of chains, but not for extension formation. Cells in the monolayer divide with their spindle axis parallel to the monolayer. HGF causes the spindle axis to undergo a variable “seesaw” motion, so that a daughter cells can apparently leave the monolayer to initiate a chain. Our results demonstrate the power of direct observation in investigating how individual cell behaviors, such as polarization, movement, and division are coordinated in the very complex process of producing multicellular structures.
doi:10.1091/mbc.E02-06-0350
PMCID: PMC150005  PMID: 12589067
2.  Exocyst Is Involved in Cystogenesis and Tubulogenesis and Acts by Modulating Synthesis and Delivery of Basolateral Plasma Membrane and Secretory Proteins 
Molecular Biology of the Cell  2000;11(12):4259-4275.
Epithelial cyst and tubule formation are critical processes that involve transient, highly choreographed changes in cell polarity. Factors controlling these changes in polarity are largely unknown. One candidate factor is the highly conserved eight-member protein complex called the exocyst. We show that during tubulogenesis in an in vitro model system the exocyst relocalized along growing tubules consistent with changes in cell polarity. In yeast, the exocyst subunit Sec10p is a crucial component linking polarized exocytic vesicles with the rest of the exocyst complex and, ultimately, the plasma membrane. When the exocyst subunit human Sec10 was exogenously expressed in epithelial Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, there was a selective increase in the synthesis and delivery of apical and basolateral secretory proteins and a basolateral plasma membrane protein, but not an apical plasma membrane protein. Overexpression of human Sec10 resulted in more efficient and rapid cyst formation and increased tubule formation upon stimulation with hepatocyte growth factor. We conclude that the exocyst plays a central role in the development of epithelial cysts and tubules.
PMCID: PMC15071  PMID: 11102522

Results 1-2 (2)