PMCC PMCC

Search tips
Search criteria

Advanced
Results 1-3 (3)
 

Clipboard (0)
None

Select a Filter Below

Journals
Authors
more »
Year of Publication
Document Types
author:("qisan, G.")
1.  Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating a Program to Address the Oral Health Needs of Aboriginal Children in Port Augusta, Australia 
Aboriginal Australian children experience profound oral health disparities relative to their non-Aboriginal counterparts. In response to community concerns regarding Aboriginal child oral health in the regional town of Port Augusta, South Australia, a child dental health service was established within a Community Controlled Aboriginal Health Service. A partnership approach was employed with the key aims of (1) quantifying rates of dental service utilisation, (2) identifying factors influencing participation, and (3) planning and establishing a program for delivery of Aboriginal children's dental services that would increase participation and adapt to community needs. In planning the program, levels of participation were quantified and key issues identified through semistructured interviews. After 3.5 years, the participation rate for dental care among the target population increased from 53 to 70 percent. Key areas were identified to encourage further improvements and ensure sustainability in Aboriginal child oral health in this regional location.
doi:10.1155/2012/496236
PMCID: PMC3346980  PMID: 22577401
2.  Proximal correlates of metabolic phenotypes during ‘at-risk' and ‘case' stages of the metabolic disease continuum 
Nutrition & Diabetes  2012;2(1):e24-.
Objective:
To examine the social and behavioural correlates of metabolic phenotypes during ‘at-risk' and ‘case' stages of the metabolic disease continuum.
Design:
Cross-sectional study of a random population sample.
Participants:
A total of 718 community-dwelling adults (57% female), aged 18–92 years from a regional South Australian city.
Measurements:
Total body fat and lean mass and abdominal fat mass were assessed by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry. Fasting venous blood was collected in the morning for assessment of glycated haemoglobin, plasma glucose, serum triglycerides, cholesterol lipoproteins and insulin. Seated blood pressure (BP) was measured. Physical activity and smoking, alcohol and diet (96-item food frequency), sleep duration and frequency of sleep disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms, and family history of cardiometabolic disease, education, lifetime occupation and household income were assessed by questionnaire. Current medications were determined by clinical inventory.
Results:
36.5% were pharmacologically managed for a metabolic risk factor or had known diabetes (‘cases'), otherwise were classified as the ‘at-risk' population. In both ‘at-risk' and ‘cases', four major metabolic phenotypes were identified using principal components analysis that explained over 77% of the metabolic variance between people: fat mass/insulinemia (FMI); BP; lipidaemia/lean mass (LLM) and glycaemia (GLY). The BP phenotype was uncorrelated with other phenotypes in ‘cases', whereas all phenotypes were inter-correlated in the ‘at-risk'. Over and above other socioeconomic and behavioural factors, medications were the dominant correlates of all phenotypes in ‘cases' and SDB symptom frequency was most strongly associated with FMI, LLM and GLY phenotypes in the ‘at-risk'.
Conclusion:
Previous research has shown FMI, LLM and GLY phenotypes to be most strongly predictive of diabetes development. Reducing SDB symptom frequency and optimising the duration of sleep may be important concomitant interventions to standard diabetes risk reduction interventions. Prospective studies are required to examine this hypothesis.
doi:10.1038/nutd.2011.20
PMCID: PMC3302143  PMID: 23154680
metabolic trait expression; abdominal obesity; sleep disordered breathing symptoms; principal components analysis

Results 1-3 (3)