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Drug and alcohol dependence (1)
Journal of cross-cultural gerontology (1)
Min, Jong W. (2)
Barrio, Concepcion (1)
Clapp, John D. (1)
Croff, Julie M. (1)
Holmes, Megan R. (1)
Reed, Mark B. (1)
Shillington, Audrey M. (1)
Trim, Ryan S. (1)
Year of Publication
Cultural Values and Caregiver Preference for Mexican-American and Non-Latino White Elders
Journal of cross-cultural gerontology
This study examined caregiver preferences in the event of hip fracture between Mexican-American and non-Latino White elders. The differential effects of ethnicity and a cultural factor were also examined to elucidate the role of culture on caregiver preference. Data came from a cross-sectional survey of 89 Mexican-American and 30 non-Latino White elders. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was used to examine the differential impact of ethnicity and a cultural factor on caregiver preference. Fewer Mexican-American elders than non-Latino White elders preferred to rely on a formal/professional helper, and a greater proportion of Mexican-Americans than non-Latino Whites would turn to informal caregivers when faced with care needs following a hip fracture. The cultural factor significantly mediated the ethnic effect on caregiver preference. The need for culturally-relevant services based on caregiver preference for long-term care is discussed in addressing health disparities for ethnically diverse elders.
Long-term care preference; Mexican-American elders; Cultural values; Culturally competent practice; Health disparities
Blood alcohol concentrations among bar patrons: A multi-level study of drinking behavior
Clapp, John D.
Reed, Mark B.
Shillington, Audrey M.
Croff, Julie M.
Holmes, Megan R.
Trim, Ryan S.
Drug and alcohol dependence
This paper presents data from a study that collected observational data, survey data, and breath samples to estimate blood alcohol concentrations (BrAC) from patrons attending 30 bars. The study examines: 1) drinking behavior and settings prior to going to a bar; 2) characteristics of the bar where respondents are drinking; 3) person and environmental predictors of BrAC change (entrance to exit). Purposive sampling of bars that cater to young adults gave a sample of 30 bars. Patrons were randomly selected from bars (n=839). Approximately half of the sample was female (48.7%). Nearly three-quarters of participants reported drinking before attending the bar. Serving practices of the bars were observed; majority of bars served excessive amounts of alcohol in short periods of time. On average, those who drank before attending the bar had BrACs at approximately half the legal limit. Implications for responsible beverage service coupled with law enforcement strategies are discussed.
Environment; Bars; BrAC; Drinking settings
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