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1.  Reduction Mammoplasty Operative Techniques for Improved Outcomes in the Treatment of Gigantomastia 
Eplasty  2013;13:e54.
Objective: Gigantomastia, or excessive breast hypertrophy, which is broadly defined as macromastia requiring a surgical reduction of more than 1500 g of breast tissue per breast, poses a unique problem to the reconstructive surgeon. Various procedures have been described for reduction mammoplasty with specific skin incisions, patterns of breast parenchymal resection, and blood supply to the nipple-areolar complex; however, not all of these techniques can be directly applied in the setting of gigantomastia. We outline a simplified method for preoperative evaluation and operative technique, which has been optimized for the management of gigantomastia. Methods: A retrospective chart review of patients who have undergone reduction mammoplasty from 2006 to 2011 by a single surgeon at the University of Virginia was performed. Patients were subdivided based on weight of breast tissue resection into 2 groups: macromastia (<1500 g resection per breast) and gigantomastia (>1500 g resection per breast). Endpoints including patient demographics, operative techniques, and complication rates were recorded. Results: The mean resection weights in the macromastia and gigantomastia groups, respectively, were 681 g ± 283 g and 2554 g ± 421 g. There were no differences in major complications between the 2 groups. The rate of free nipple graft utilization was not significantly different between the 2 groups. Conclusions: Our surgical approach to gigantomastia has advantages when applied to extremely large-volume breast reduction and provides both esthetic and reproducible results. The preoperative assessment and operative techniques described herein have been adapted to the management of gigantomastia to reduce the rates of surgical complications.
PMCID: PMC3807584  PMID: 24244786
breast reconstruction; gigantomastia; macromastia; operative techniques; reduction mammoplasty
2.  Technical Changes in Paraspinous Muscle Flap Surgery Have Increased Salvage Rates of Infected Spinal Wounds 
Eplasty  2008;8:e50.
Objectives: The objective of this study is to introduce modifications in paraspinous muscle flap surgery and compare this new variation's ability to salvage infected hardware with the classic technique. Infected posterior spine wounds are a difficult problem for reconstructive surgeons. As per experience, hardware retention in infected wounds maintains spinal stability, decreases length of stay, and decreases the wound healing complication rate. Methods: An 11-year retrospective office and hospital chart review was conducted between July 1996 and August 2007. All patients who underwent paraspinous muscle flap reconstruction for postspine surgery wound infections during this time period were included. There were 51 patients in the study representing the largest reported series, to date, for this procedure. Twenty-two patients underwent treatment using the modified technique and 29 patients were treated using the classic technique. Results: There was no statistical difference between the 2 groups in demographics, medical history, or reason for initial spine surgery. The hardware salvage rate associated with the modified technique was greater than the rate associated with the classic technique (95.4% vs 75.8%; P = .03). There were fewer postreconstruction wound healing complications requiring hospital readmission in the modified technique group than the classic group (13.6% vs 44.8%; P = .04). Patients in the modified technique group demonstrated a shorter mean length of stay than the patients in the classic group (23.7 days vs 29.7; P = .25). Conclusions: The modified paraspinous muscle flap technique is an excellent option for spinal wound reconstruction, preservation of spinal hardware, and local infection control.
PMCID: PMC2570115  PMID: 19011678

Results 1-2 (2)