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Genes and immunity (1)
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology (1)
Journal of clinical immunology (1)
Maurer, Kelly (3)
Song, Li (2)
Sullivan, Kathleen E. (2)
Zhang, Zhe (2)
Boyer, Jean (1)
Eisenberg, Robert A. (1)
Jawad, Abbas F. (1)
McDonald, Kenyetta (1)
Perin, Juan C. (1)
Petri, Michelle A (1)
Prak, Eline Luning (1)
Sullivan, Kathleen E (1)
Year of Publication
Rituximab-Treated Patients Have a Poor Response to Influenza Vaccination*
Eisenberg, Robert A.
Jawad, Abbas F.
Prak, Eline Luning
Sullivan, Kathleen E
Journal of clinical immunology
The efficacy of influenza vaccination in patients treated with rituximab is a clinically important question. Rheumatology clinics are populated with patients receiving rituximab for a broad array of disorders. Although several studies have explored the efficacy of other vaccines in rituximab-treated populations, results have been conflicting. We wished to define influenza vaccine efficacy in a rituximab-treated cohort. We examined 17 evaluable subjects treated with rituximab for rheumatologic conditions. T cell subsets, B cells subsets, T cell function, and B cell function were evaluated at specific time points along with hemagglutinination inhibition titers after receiving the standard inactivated influenza vaccine. T cell subset counts were significantly different than controls but did not change with rituximab. B cells depleted in all patients but were in various stages of recovery at the time of vaccination. Influenza vaccine responsiveness was poor overall, with only 16% of subjects having a four-fold increase in titer. Pre-existing titers were retained throughout the study, however. The ability to respond to the influenza vaccine appeared to be related to the degree of B cell recovery at the time of vaccination. This study emphasizes that antibody responses to vaccine are impaired in subjects treated with rituximab and supports the concept that B cell recovery influences influenza vaccine responsiveness.
Rituxmab; influenza; antibody; HAI titer; B cell
Global H4 acetylation analysis by ChIP-chip in SLE monocytes
Petri, Michelle A
Sullivan, Kathleen E.
Genes and immunity
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a polygenic disorder affecting approximately 1:1000 adults. Recent data have implicated interferons in the pathogenesis and the expression of many genes downstream of interferons are regulated at the level of histone modifications. We examined H4 acetylation and gene expression in monocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus to define alterations to the epigenome. Monocytes from 14 controls and 24 SLE patients were used for analysis by chromatin immunoprecipitation for H4 acetylation and gene expression arrays. Primary monocytes treated with μ-interferon were used as a comparator. Data were analyzed for concordance of H4 acetylation and gene expression. Network analyses and transcription factor analyses were performed to identify potential pathways. H4 acetylation was significantly altered in monocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Sixty three percent of genes with increased H4 acetylation had the potential for regulation by IRF1. IRF1 binding sites were also upstream of nearly all genes with both increased H4 acetylation and gene expression. μ-interferon was a significant contributor to both expression and H4 acetylation patterns but the greatest concordance was seen in the enrichment of certain transcription factor binding sites upstream of genes with increased H4 acetylation in SLE and genes with increased H4 acetylation after μ-interferon treatment.
SLE; lupus; epigenetics; chromatin; interferon; IRF1
Cytokine-Induced Monocyte Characteristics in SLE
Perin, Juan C.
Sullivan, Kathleen E.
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Monocytes in SLE have been described as having aberrant behavior in a number of assays. We examined gene expression and used a genome-wide approach to study the posttranslational histone mark, H4 acetylation, to examine epigenetic changes in SLE monocytes. We compared SLE monocyte gene expression and H4 acetylation with three types of cytokine-treated monocytes to understand which cytokine effects predominated in SLE monocytes. We found that γ-interferon and α-interferon both replicated a broad range of the gene expression changes seen in SLE monocytes. H4 acetylation in SLE monocytes was overall higher than in controls and there was less correlation of H4ac with cytokine-treated cells than when gene expression was compared. A set of chemokine genes had downregulated expression and H4ac. Therefore, there are significant clusters of aberrantly expressed genes in SLE which are strongly associated with altered H4ac, suggesting that these cells have experienced durable changes to their epigenome.
Results 1-3 (3)
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