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1.  Customizing a Clinical Data Warehouse for Housestaff Education in Practice-Based Learning and Improvement 
We developed Systems and Practice Analysis for Resident Competencies (SPARC), a Web-based tool to support teaching the practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) ACGME competencies. SPARC allows Department of Medicine residents to explore de-identified, population-based data about their patient panels with peer comparisons. Data primarily comes from an existing data warehouse that has been customized for this application. Our preliminary evaluation suggests that it improves residents' abilities in PBLI, is easy to use, and is perceived as important and useful by the housestaff.
PMCID: PMC1839593  PMID: 17238636
2.  A diffusion of innovations model of physician order entry. 
OBJECTIVE: To interpret the results of a cross-site study of physician order entry (POE) in hospitals using a diffusion of innovations theory framework. METHODS: Qualitative study using observation, focus groups, and interviews. Data were analyzed by an interdisciplinary team of researchers using a grounded approach to identify themes. Themes were then interpreted using classical Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) theory as described by Rogers [1]. RESULTS: Four high level themes were identified: organizational issues; clinical and professional issues; technology implementation issues; and issues related to the organization of information and knowledge. Further analysis using the DOI framework indicated that POE is an especially complex information technology innovation when one considers communication, time, and social system issues in addition to attributes of the innovation itself. CONCLUSION: Implementation strategies for POE should be designed to account for its complex nature. The ideal would be a system that is both customizable and integrated with other parts of the information system, is implemented with maximum involvement of users and high levels of support, and is surrounded by an atmosphere of trust and collaboration.
PMCID: PMC2243456  PMID: 11825150
3.  Techniques for identifying the applicability of new information management technologies in the clinical setting: an example focusing on handheld computers. 
This article describes techniques and strategies used to judge the potential applicability of new information management technologies in the clinical setting and to develop specific design recommendations for new features and services. We focus on a project carried out to identify the potential uses of handheld computers (i.e., the Palm Pilot or a small WinCE-based device) in the ambulatory practice setting. We found that the potential for a robust handheld computing device to positively affect the outpatient ambulatory clinical setting is enormous, and that the information derived from the exploratory research project is useful in creating specific design recommendations for further development.
PMCID: PMC2243837  PMID: 11079995
4.  Multiple perspectives on physician order entry. 
OBJECTIVE: Describe the complex interplay of perspectives of physicians, administrators, and information technology staff regarding computerized physician order entry (POE) in hospitals. METHODS: Linstone's Multiple Perspectives Model provided a framework for organizing the results of a qualitative study done at four sites. Data from observation, focus groups, and formal and informal interviews were analyzed by four researchers using a grounded approach. RESULTS: It is not a simple matter of physicians hating POE and others loving it. The issues involved are both complex and emotional. All groups see both positive and negative aspects of POE. CONCLUSION: The Multiple Perspectives Model was useful for organizing a description to aid in understanding all points of view. It is imperative that those implementing POE understand all views and plan implementation strategies accordingly.
PMCID: PMC2243815  PMID: 11079838

Results 1-4 (4)