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2.  PUBARCHE AS WELL AS THELARCHE MAY BE A MARKER FOR THE ONSET OF PUBERTY 
STUDY OBJECTIVE
To define anthropometric and hormonal differences in a group of black and white girls who began puberty with breast development alone (“thelarche” pathway) compared to those who began with pubic hair development alone (“pubarche” pathway), and test the hypothesis that pubarche may represent true pubertal development.
DESIGN
Longitudinal cohort seen annually for ten years.
SETTTING
Recruited through elementary schools in Cincinnati OH and Richmond CA; through HMO in Washington DC.
PARTICIPANTS
9 years old, either Black or White, in the NHLBI Growth and Health Study.
INTERVENTIONS
None; observational study.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
Initial secondary sexual characteristic at onset of puberty; anthropometric measures; hormone measures.
RESULTS
478 of 1155 girls matured through a defined pathway. Age at onset of secondary sexual characteristics was similar between pathways, although girls in the thelarche pathway had puberty at a somewhat younger age, and black participants entered at a significantly younger age. Height velocity was the same in both pathways, and in the pubertal range. DHEA-S levels at onset of puberty were significantly greater in girls in the pubarche pathway, but levels of estradiol and testosterone were not different. Age of menarche was different by race (younger in blacks) and pathway (younger in thelarche pathway).
CONCLUSIONS
Given similar age and height velocities at onset of secondary sexual characteristics, these results suggest that pubarche, the development of pubic hair without breast development, may represent true pubertal maturation.
doi:10.1016/j.jpag.2007.09.008
PMCID: PMC3576862  PMID: 19064225
Pubertal onset; pubarche; thelarche; female puberty; breast development; pubic hair development in girls
3.  The Greater Cincinnati Pediatric Clinic Repository: A Novel Framework for Childhood Asthma and Allergy Research 
Background
Allergic disorders, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, eosinophilic esophagitis, and food allergy, are a major global health burden. The study and management of allergic disorders is complicated by the considerable heterogeneity in both the presentation and natural history of these disorders. Biorepositories serve as an excellent source of data and biospecimens for delineating subphenotypes of allergic disorders, but such resources are lacking.
Methods
In order to define subphenotypes of allergic disease accurately, we established an infrastructure to link and efficiently utilize clinical and epidemiologic data with biospecimens into a single biorepository called the Greater Cincinnati Pediatric Clinic Repository (GCPCR). Children with allergic disorders as well as healthy controls are followed longitudinally at hospital clinic, emergency department, and inpatient visits. Subjects' asthma, allergy, and skin symptoms; past medical, family, social, diet, and environmental histories; physical activity; medication adherence; perceived quality of life; and demographics are ascertained. DNA is collected from all participants, and other biospecimens such as blood, hair, and nasal epithelial cells are collected on a subset.
Results
To date, the GCPCR has 6,317 predominantly Caucasian and African American participants, and 93% have banked DNA. This large sample size supports adequately powered genetic, epidemiologic, environmental, and health disparities studies of childhood allergic diseases.
Conclusions
The GCPCR is a unique biorepository that is continuously evaluated and refined to achieve and maintain rigorous clinical phenotype and biological data. Development of similar disease-specific repositories using common data elements is necessary to enable studies across multiple populations of comprehensively phenotyped patients.
doi:10.1089/ped.2011.0116
PMCID: PMC3377950  PMID: 22768387

Results 1-4 (4)