The purpose of this secondary data analysis was to examine the relationship of individual sociodemographic variables, life events, chronic stressors including asthma control and management and environmental stressors to maternal depression.
Cross sectional descriptive design study consisting of baseline data from participants enrolled in a randomized clinical trial of an asthma communication educational intervention.
Two hundred and one mothers of children with asthma (ages 6-12) recruited from community pediatric practices and pediatric emergency departments of two urban university hospitals. Measurement: Subjects responded to a questionnaire that included sociodemographic characteristics, life events, and chronic stressors. Depressive symptoms were assessed with the CESD.
Close to 25% of the mothers had a score of 16 or greater on the CESD. Significant bivariate relationships between low education, unemployment, feeling unsafe, and the use of quick relief asthma drugs with high depressive symptoms were found. In the multiple logistic regression models, education or unemployment (in separate models) and the use of quick relief medications for asthma were positively associated with depressive symptoms.
Implications for practice include the need to assess for the presence of maternal depression particularly in mothers of children with a chronic illness such as asthma.