Chemotherapy is essential to improve the prognosis of the patients with osteosarcoma, and the response to chemotherapy is an important prognostic factor. In this study, the impact of various radiological examinations on overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) was evaluated.
Eighty-two patients with high-grade osteosarcoma were included in this study, and we evaluated the following factors for prognostic significance: age (≥40 years), gender (male), tumor location (truncal site), metastatic disease, histological response to chemotherapy, radiological response to chemotherapy assessed using X-ray, angiography, CT, MRI, 201Tl scintigraphy, and 99mTc-MIBI scintigraphy (99mTc-MIBI), and combined radiological score (CRS).
Univariate analyses revealed that metastatic disease, histological response, 99mTc-MIBI, and CRS were significantly correlated with OS. Multivariate analyses showed that metastatic disease (OS: HR 35.9, P<0.001; EFS: HR 17.32, P<0.001) was an independent predictor of OS and EFS. Tumor location (HR 36.1, P = 0.003), histological response (HR 31.1, P = 0.036), and 99mTc-MIBI (HR 18.4, P = 0.038) were significant prognostic factors for OS. Moreover, CRS was a marginally significant predictor of OS and EFS.
The chemotherapeutic effects evaluated by 99mTc-MIBI and CRS could be considered as prognostic factors in osteosarcoma.