Barley is produced in four provinces, Chonbuk, Chonnam, Kyungbuk, and Kyungnam, and corn is mainly produced in the Kangwon province in Korea. The natural occurrence of Fusarium mycotoxins was surveyed in 39 barley and 46 corn samples from different areas. Five 8-ketotrichothecenes, namely deoxynivalenol (DON), nivalenol (NIV), 4-acetylnivalenol (4-ANIV), 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol (3-ADON), and 4,15-diacetylnivalenol (4,15-DANIV), and zearalenone (ZEA) were detected in barley. DON, NIV, and ZEA were the major contaminants in barley, with mean levels of 170, 1,011, and 287 ng/g, respectively. On the other hand, DON, 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15-ADON), NIV, 4-ANIV, 4,15-DANIV, and ZEA were detected in corn samples. DON and 15-ADON were the major contaminants in corn, with mean levels of 310 and 297 ng/g, respectively. The survey indicated that the natural occurrence of monoacetyl-DON and the ratios of NIV to DON in two cereals were different. In addition, this is the first report of the natural occurrence of 4,15-DANIV in cereals.